Introduction to How Blockchain Works?
In this Topic, we are going to learn about How Blockchain Works. A blockchain is a group of blocks which are called as records which do grow continuously and are linked together in the form of cryptography. Every block contains a hash which will link to the previous block with data and timestamp details. The design of this model resists the manipulation of data. This allows the easy maintenance of continuously growing data. A Japanese named Satoshi Nakamoto invented Blockchain technology in the year 2008. It was used to serve as a ledger in the form of bitcoin public ledger. The blockchain invention made the successful entry of a new currency called bitcoin currency which led to the safe and secure form of currency transactions without any validation or authentication through a central server.
How Blockchain Works?
The blockchain is a chain of blocks which holds some data with some metadata related to the other blocks that form a giant chain like architecture that allows encrypted in the form of cryptographic manner. The data is immutable in the blocks. This is a decentralized architecture where no central supervision exists in authorizing or supervising the operations in the blockchain. A typical architecture of a block contains metadata and all the transactions details stored for further reference. The metadata will be held in the block header. Each header contains a hash which points to another block’s header to form a chain-like structure. The main line which forms the chain is called the main branch blockchain. The key element of the blockchain works is the hashing function that determines the linkages of the blocks.
The blockchain reference architecture is shown below
Architecture Flow of Blockchain Works
A blockchain is a simple distributed data structure that forms a distributed architectural model further that extends or grows with its size dynamically. The architecture flow is explained below:
- The blockchain works can be distributed across the private, cloud or enterprise networks.
- Each and every network and services will be connected by establishing some connectivity among them.
- Each Blockchain service contains different memberships, ledgers, consensus, smart contracts or digital contracts with keys and multiple events in it with a configuration of System Integration along with the Admin & managed services.
- The different services available by using the Blockchain are Intelligence and Security monitoring, infrastructure security, governance and maintenance, enterprise data directory, ledger and enterprise data, edge services, interconnectivity, application endpoint services, etc.
- Different end users and developer users can connect to the application using the mobile application or web application or by using a command line interface.
- The usage of front end applications will allow in interacting with the cloud provider with the edge services of the cloud network in the form of a secure gateway before the provider cloud service.
- The cloud network contains secure gateway protocols, cloud provider services, different server runtimes, and instances and Application programming Interfaces management.
- The APIs will be integrated with the Transformation connectivity to establish a connection with the enterprise network.
- The transformation API enables the connectivity with Enterprise internetworks to integrate the different chains.
- The blockchain service will be connected to all the public, cloud and enterprise networks to form the blockchain system network.
- The complete architecture contains different sections such as User, Application, Data Services, Infrastructure services, Security, Scalability, Events, management, etc.
- All the requests will be forwarded through the HFC (Hyperledger Fabric Client) SDK (Software Development Kit) to a different component.
Applications of Blockchain Works
The different Application of Blockchain works are as below:
- Blockchain’s main application is in financial services to execute digital contracts in a safe and secure manner with ease and effectiveness.
- Digital and Smart keys in maintaining the contracts of the digital property or Smart property.
- Smart keys to managing the property or vehicles using remote protocols to execute the operations with a single tap.
- Many smart appliances can be controlled using blockchain operating system technology.
- Sensors in the case of Supply chain management can be transported around the globe with the help of Blockchain technology easily.
- The healthcare industry is mostly benefited by the use of Blockchain technology by securing the information of many drugs or medicines and the profiles and medical history of customers and many other confidential data in research and developments as well.
- The music industry also gets benefited by the blockchain operating system technology in the form of establishing and storing the licenses or ownership of different music.
- Important personal documents and personal certificates can be stored online and can be validated by digital keys.
- Digital passports were also launched on Github with the help of this Blockchain technology.
- The request from the users through API will be authorized through HFC membership services.
- There will be smart contract agreements which will be enforced and evaluated, where the transaction is committed to the ledger after the validation.
- The different modes of technologies where the Blockchain system will be built are P2P network, private key cryptography and blockchain protocol (program model).
- The every Input information was given to the blockchain is a hash number which is included in the previous block’s hash number in the blockchain works.
- The Blockchain protocols ensure the network to be run in a way that was designed and intended to be run by the admins or owners, where the network is completely autonomous and not managed or controlled by anyone.
- There are different applications using Blockchain in the area of financial applications
- The blockchain technology is a revolution in the transactional area of financial applications where it keeps the data secure and safe as it is immutable and robust in nature.
- The privacy, protection, and security will depend on the role and user of the application management
- The Transactions in Blockchain technology are broadcasted to every node by creating the different versions of events for every node
- In Blockchain technology, authorization and authentication of the transactions are vital in the digital transactions, which are established by configuring the result.
- The distributed network in the blockchain technology prevents fraud in the nodes of the blockchain network which needs to reach the consensus that enables the impossibility of breaking the Blockchain network.
This article has been a guide to How Blockchain works?. Here we have discussed basic concept, working, architecture flow and applications of blockchain. You may also look at the following article to learn more –