Updated March 14, 2023
Definition of Utility Computing
Utility computing plays a significant role in business models and gives a unique service provider to the customer IT services according to pay-per-use methods. A few IT services are provided to customer storage, software applications, and computing power. So for any questions and advice required for deployment in the business model, the service providers provide the unit divisions to the company. As the term “Utility” refers to basic amenities like electricity, water, gas, the basic software requirements for a business model are provided by utility computing. The working, components, properties, and use cases are explained in this article.
How Does Utility Work?
Utility computing is the same as virtualization because the cumulative amount of web storage space along with calculating power is available to the resources is much the larger amount when compared to the one time-sharing computer. The backend servers are available in multiple amounts which are used to do this kind of possible web server. The concerned web servers are applied in the cluster forms which are developed and then given to lease to end-users. The technique of using one unit computation on the multi web server is known as distributed computing. The working of utility computing is easy and simple. The company pays to other companies for its usage of computing services. It includes usage of a particular computer application or some confidential access to computer processing power, rental of hardware components, and data storage space. It is based on the client requirements and the things which can be offered by utility computing. Utility computing is also offered as a package or bundle of resources.
Components of Utility Computing
The few components that included in the package of utility computing is computer hardware component, software applications, internet access, and cloud systems.
- The computer hardware such as monitors, input devices, servers, CPU and network cables.
- The browsing software and web servers provide internet access.
- The software applications that execute the huge amount of computer mandatory programs such as communication tools, mailbox, report generation, CRM and other project and process-oriented applications and everything that lies in between the client, company and the end-users. The experts from the industries call this process as software as a service.
- Enabling the confidential access to a few processes of a supercomputer. Because few enterprises have substantial computational requirements. The status of the financial company keeps on changing rapidly concerning the updating cycle of the stock market. The normal computers take maximum processing time to retrieve or process the data whereas the supercomputer takes only minimum time to process and execute the information and complete the task as quickly as possible.
- The usage of the grid computing system runs on a unique software is known as middleware. It finds the ideal processing power of CPU and enables an application executing on another computer to retrieve the benefits of it. The bunk of a larger computational system is divided into smaller chunks which makes the user access easily.
- Cloud storage is the offsite data storage that provides reasons for companies to store and handle the data. If the company has to process higher dimensional data, but it doesn’t have the space to hold such huge data. so it looks for any third party to save the data offsite. An off-site backup is a smart way to protect the data in terms of catastrophe. Or in case of fire accident to any organization, if the data is stored in some other location it will be helpful to retrieve and use the data.
The price of utility computing varies upon the usage of the company and its requested service. The company charges the client depending on the service they use instead of giving it as a flat fee. The more the client use the services, the more they should pay. Few companies opt for the packing of services at a reduced rate.
Use Case of Utility Computing
The application of utility computing is popular and diverse in many areas from petty shops to large scale industries. The men tailor shop can update his business by providing many web services and online sales and delivery and he can also customize a mobile app for customers to track their orders. The transportation company in Russia deployed a new system to make instant ticket reservations for passengers. The holiday packages and gifts are offered by IBM to manage the traffic surge at thanksgiving time are managed by utility computing and it reached a grand success in that year by enabling the pay as you go policy.
Properties of Utility Computing
The important properties of utility computing are its scalability, demand pricing, standardized utility computing services, utility computing on virtualization and automation.
- Scalability is an important metric that should be ensured in utility computing to provide sufficient IT resources available at any time. If the demand gets extended, the response time and quality should not get impacted.
- Demand pricing is scheduled effectively to pay for both hardware and software components as per the usage.
- The catalog is produced with standardized services with different service level agreements to the customers. So the consumer has no influence on the behind technology on the computer platform.
- The web services and other resources are shared by the pool of machines which is used in automation and virtualization technologies. It segregates the network into many logical resources instead of the available physical resources. An application is allotted with no specific predefined servers or storage space of any severs with more memory or free server runtime from the resource pool. The deployment and installation of a new server can be done easily and repetitive tasks and jobs can be automated according to SLA.
Utility computing is a bundle of advantage and treats to any type of business because of their variety of services and the pay per use policy. So it is most welcomed in the market and gathered huge attention which can be used and remove according to the demand.
This is a guide to What is Utility Computing. Here we discuss the Introduction and how does utility computing works along with properties of utility computing. You may also have a look at the following articles to learn more –