Introduction to IOT
IOT is also known as the Internet of things. It is the way of connecting the physical objects through the internet to other devices. The term internet of things was given by Kevin Ashton, and he mentioned it first in the year 1999. Internet of things means the time when things or objects are more connected to the Internet rather than people. The things in IoT defined as objects that can be the person or automobile with a built-in sensor having IP addresses with the ability to collect and transfer the data over the Internet.
It is being widely used in organizations of different industries. It helps them to work with more efficiency, deliver the enhanced service to a customer, improving decision making and increasing the value of the business. It has been generally evolved from microservices, wireless and MEMS technology. It is being evolved from M2M communication when machines connecting to each other network without any human interference or interaction. It helps in connecting to the cloud and able to manage and collect the data.
It mainly consists of smart devices having embedded processor, sensor, and communication to collect, send the data to acquire from the different environments. The devices that are connected to the IoT hub or gateway share the data that they collect and analyze the data locally. These devices may connect with other devices as well and act on the information they get from another device. These devices mainly work without any human interaction or intervention. The engineers can interact with the device to set up and collect the information from the devices. The process is in 3 different steps, which are: Collect data and Collate, transfer the data and Analyze data and the action taken.
Why is it Being Used?
When separate devices are attached to the Internet, this implies sending and receiving the data and sending the data in order to make things intelligent. With the help of IoT, all things that are being connected to the Internet can be explained into 3 categories:
1. Collecting and Sending the Information
In this, the information has been collected and sent over the network. This is mainly done with the help of sensors. It can be a temperature sensor, motion sensor, air quality sensor, moisture sensor, and light sensor, etc. These sensors are automatically connected and collect or receive information from different environments or devices that help in making the correct decisions. For example, if farmers are able to get the information of soil moisture automatically, then they are able to make the decision when the farm needs water again and at what time and quantity as well. It helps the farmers to provide the right amount of water rather than giving too much and little water to farms or crops. This helps in utilizing the resources wisely and do not let the resource to be wasted. With the help of this, a farmer can achieve more crop and money that benefits the world in terms of more food. The sensor allows machines to sense the world.
2. Receiving and Acting
It helps in receiving the information and then acting on that information. The machines are a great example of this area; when they receive the info accordingly, they act on it. For example, the printer receives the information to print and then print it. The power of the internet of things becomes great when they collect the information and sends it, which also gets and acts on the data.
3. Doing Both
The sensors are used to collect the information without any need for people or human intervention. It helps in achieving all that is collecting, sending and receiving and acting on the information.
The advantages of the Internet of Things are:
- It helps in monitoring the overall business processes.
- It helps in improving the customer experience.
- It helps in generating more revenue.
- It helps in enhancing employee productivity.
- It helps in saving time and money for the organization.
- It helps in making better business decisions.
- It helps in integrating and adapting business models.
- It helps in reducing the cost.
- It improves process efficiency, asset utilization, and productivity.
- It benefits in real-time insights and analytics to make better decisions.
- It benefits people in creating opportunities in business and industries.
Applications of Iot
There are many applications of the Internet of things in various sectors like consumer IoT, enterprise IoT & manufacturing, and industrial IoT. These applications can be telecom, energy, automotive, etc. Smart homes, smart appliances, connected heating, lighting can be controlled with the help of computers and mobile devices. The devices having sensor helps to collect and analyze the user data, and sending the information to other technologies for making the life of users easy. The other examples are smart health, smart city, smart farming, smart TV, wearable’s, smart car, etc. Smart buildings help in reducing energy cost and helps the temperature to adjust automatically. The smart farming system can help in monitoring the instance, light, temperature, humidity and soil moisture of crops. It helps the smart city like streetlights, smart meters, and sanitation, etc.
The scope of it is wide and large in today’s world as everything is connected to the Internet. It connects the devices in the various system to the Internet, and the devices or objects represent themselves can be controlled from anywhere. It helps in achieving more data and places, more ways of increasing efficiency and improving safety and security. It helps the organization to increase the performance through IoT analytics and security to achieve good results. There are many organizations like oil and gas, insurance, manufacturing, transportation, infrastructure and other retail sectors that can get the benefits from it, and some are already achieving the benefits from it. The Internet of things platform generally enables the device or object to an observer and to identify and understand the situation without getting the help of people or any other human intervention. So, the scope of the Internet of things is great in the future, and it’s already showing the results as well.
The internet of things is connected to billions of devices with the internet, and a huge number of data points are involved in collecting, transferring and sending the information. Due to its long structure and expanded surface, the security and privacy of IoT are the huge concerns for the different organizations. As these devices are closely connected, the attacker can exploit one vulnerability to manipulate the whole data in one go, and the devices that are not updated regularly are the main reasons for these types of attacks. Other personal information like age, address, and credit card details, etc., is also being provided by the user when the devices are connected to each other via various means. These devices are obtained to sell the user’s personal information. It also poses a risk to infrastructure, electricity, transportation and financial service, etc.
Audience for Learning
The right audience for learning these are engineers, sales executives, management people, consultants, business analysts and those who are interested in technology can learn IoT. It helps them to learn new technologies that are coming into the world and how things are interconnected to each other to achieve the target without any human intervention. It helps in reducing the manual effort and time. It has more set up cost, but that can be easily adjusted by the organization they are working for.
There are many platforms to learn it. Online community and forums are available to learn about the Internet of things. Videos are easily available to implement it and to achieve things as well. Organizations are mainly focused on the latest thing, and they are investing huge on the Internet of things to enhance the skills of their employees and to grow their business on the priority. The internal training and programs are being conducted by the organizations to help their employees and customer to sense the criticality of the Internet of Things.
Importance of IoT in the Future Market
It has great importance in the future market as everything today is based on the internet and smart devices. The Internet helps in connecting the devices to collect and send information over the network, so it will be a very big thing in the near future. The survey showed that by 2020, there would be around 28 billion devices that would be connected through the Internet.
Organizations are mainly targeting this network across the globe, and it ensures that their products would develop on IoT architecture only. Marketing companies also need to adopt the new trends in the global market as some of the organizations already gained so much by adopting the Internet of Things in their organization. This helps the organization to enhance the skills of employees and their business growth as well. loT is adapting at a great pace and getting more attention. As per today’s trends in the market, it is dominating the digital marketing and other various organizations as well.
IoT skill in different areas of the IT sector or organizations helps you in achieving good career growth. It helps in getting a good salary and designation in every field. It provides a lot of opportunities in the market as people are less of this skill and demand is more. High salaries are being paid to IoT expertise people. The skill in building devices, chips that can be communicative, gateways, cloud management, data security, and domain knowledge of IoT helps people to get job easily.
Devices should be able to sense the data, collect the information and send it over the network. The communicative chip should sense and communicate the data accurately for low and high energy. The gateways are like wi-fi, Bluetooth and other wireless technology that allows the data to be collected and send. Cloud management is used in analyzing the data and providing feedback to the critical IoT device. It is used to extract, transform and load the data with parallel batch processing technology. One should always improve skills in these like using sensors to capture events, transporting sensor, storing and aggregating sensor data, analyzing the data, implementing the data analysis in the cloud, data security and privacy as well. So, there are great opportunities for many people having one skill, and they are able to achieve more with the help of grabbing a good opportunity.
The Internet of things is being widely adopted technology in most of the organizations. It helps in achieving things without any manual intervention and human help. This embedded technology helps the object to interact with internal states or with an external environment that helps in improving the decision-making ability. This is having both pros and cons, as all the technologies are having, but to choose and invest wisely that is in our hands.
People and organizations have achieved great things by adopting IoT. The data security and privacy issues are the only things that organizations need to take care of, and it becomes one of the biggest roadblocks to adopt IoT for many small enterprises or organizations. The world is growing digital at a very great pace, and the devices are connected to the internet all over time without any interruption. The large networks around the globe have already expanded. The internet of things is a clear future for the different markets, organizations, and people that want to grow in this technology field.
This has been a guide to What is IoT?. Here we discussed some basic concepts, uses, applications, advantages, along with importance in future. You can also go through our other suggested articles to learn more –