Introduction to Types of Research Methodology
Various methods and techniques used to present the research beautifully is called research methodology. The procedures enhance the research process and it exposes the way research is carried out. It helps to explain the methods used in research and presents the idea to the audience in an elegant manner that depends mainly on the researcher. Various methods are used in the research to explain the ideas and we will see the types in this article. However, the selection of the method purely depends on the researcher and the type does not adhere to any requirements. Researchers have to be satisfied with the methods. In thsi topic
List of Types in Research Methodology
Research methods are classified based on different criteria. They are a general category, nature of the study, the purpose of the study, and research design. Also, there are interviews and case studies based on research methodology. In some researches, more than two methods are combined while in some, very few methods are taken into account for the study.
Based on General Category,
1. Quantitative Research
As the name suggests, quantitative refers to the numbers where data is collected based on numbers, and a summary is taken from these numbers. Graphs help to quantify the results in quantitative research.
2. Qualitative Research
Qualitative refers to the non- numerical elements in the research. When the information or data cannot be grasped in terms of numbers, qualitative research comes for the rescue. Though not reliable as much as quantitative, qualitative research helps to form a better summary in terms of theories in the data.
Based on the nature of the research,
3. Descriptive Research
Facts are considered in descriptive methods and surveys and case studies are done to clarify the facts. These help to determine and explain with examples, the facts, and they are not rejected. Many variables can be used in descriptive research to explain the facts.
4. Analytical Research
Analytical research uses the facts that have been confirmed already to form the basis for the research and critical evaluation of the material is carried out in this method. Analytical methods make use of quantitative methods as well.
Based on the purpose of the study,
5. Applied Research
Applied research is action research where only one domain is considered and mostly the facts are generalized. Variables are considered constant and forecasting is done so that the methods can be found out easily in applied research. The technical language is used in the research and the summary is based on technical facts.
6. Fundamental Research
Fundamental research is the basic or pure research done to find out an element or a theory that has never been in the world yet. Several domains are connected and the aim is to find out how traditional things can be changed or something new can be developed. The summary is purely in common language and logical findings are applied in the research.
Based on research design,
7. Exploratory Research
Exploratory studies are based on the theories and their explanation and it does not provide any conclusion for the research topic. The structure is not proper and the methods offer a flexible and investigative approach for the study. The hypothesis is not tested and the result will not be of much help to the outside world. The findings will be topic related that helps in improving the research more.
8. Conclusive Research
Conclusive Research aims at providing an answer to the research topic and has a proper design in the methodology. A well-designed structure helps in formulating and solving the hypotheses and give the results. The results will be generic and help the outside world. Researchers will have an inner pleasure to solve the problems and to help society in general.
Not least considered, but Surveys play a main role in the research methodology. It helps to collect a vast amount of real-time data and helps in the research process. It is done at a low cost and can be done faster than any other method. Surveys can be done in both quantitative and qualitative methods. Always, quantitative surveys must be considered above qualitative surveys as they provide numerical outputs and the data is real. Surveys are mainly used in the business to know the demand for a product in the market and to forecast the production based on the results from the survey.
10. Case Studies
Case studies are another method of research methodology where different cases are considered and the proper one for the research is selected. Case studies help to form an idea of the research and helps in the foundation of the research. Various facts and theories can be considered from the case studies that help to form proper reviews about the research topic. Researchers can either make the topic general or specific according to the literature reviews from the studies. A proper understanding of the research can be made from the case study.
Also, we have focus groups and research interviews to understand the research methods in a well-defined manner. Structured and unstructured methods can be followed by various methods.
Advantages of using different Research Methodology
Below are the advantages mentioned :
- In a research, critical evaluation of the topic is important to analyze and verify the research. This helps the researcher to explore the research more effectively. Various methods in the research helps to explore the research from different perspectives and to analyze in a fact-driven manner.
- Quantitative methods and surveys help to gain numerical outputs that help in all the research. Results can be formed easily without explaining much in the thesis with the help of numbers.
- Reliable researches are important to make use of them and the methods help to make it valid and useful to the topic and in a generalized manner. Several methods help researchers formulate the research area and to improve their knowledge.
Developments in all the fields are made by the researchers and their studies are helpful to society in general. An understanding of the research methods is important to verify and validate the research in different fields.
This is a guide to Types of Research Methodology. Here we discuss the 10 Types in Research Methodology along with the respective advantages. You may also have a look at the following articles to learn more –