Introduction to Microphone
A microphone is called a mike or mic comprises of the transducer, which is used to convert sound signals to electrical signals. It is used in applications like hearing aids, telephone, public address systems for public events, concert halls, production of motion pictures, recorded and live audio engineering, recording of sound, dual-way radios, television and radio broadcasting and in systems for voice recording, recognition of speech, VoIP, and non-acoustic functions like knock sensors or ultrasonic sensors. The different types of microphones are employed to transform air pressure variations in a sound wave to electrical signals.
Different Types of Microphone
The different types of microphones are ribbon mics, bass mics, multi-pattern mics, USB mics, dynamic mics, mike with the small-diaphragm condenser, mike with the large-diaphragm condenser, boundary mics. But the most commonly used are a dynamic microphone that uses a wire coil hold on the magnetic field. In the capacitor plate, the condenser microphone uses the vibrator diaphragm to convert the electrical signals. The piezoelectric microphone uses piezoelectric material for electric signal conversion. The typical microphones should be linked with a preamplifier before the signal reproduced or recorded. So it is up to the user to choose the right tool according to his requirement.
1. Dynamic Microphones
In the world of microphones, they are like workhorses. It is durable, cheap with enormous sound on a few sources of recording. It is comprised of a rotating induction coil hold on the magnetic field. Here dynamic mike operates like a speaker, which is vice versa. It is sensitive to transient spikes to manage the high level of SPL. So it made itself as a natural choice for loud sound sources like guitar and bass cabs and drum kit with close mics. It is versatile and affordable to increase the sound system for your requirement and sophistication.
The microphone SM57 is one of the common tools in a recording which is user-friendly and highly accessible. Shure SM57 has one room with a dedicated single contender. It has a set of impressive dynamic designs that operate on studio scenarios like Shure SM7B, Sennheiser MD41, Electrovoice RE20. All these are great options, but the price to performance ratio is fit and reliable to SM57.
2. Microphones with Large Diaphragm Condenser
It is the most popular studio recording mike, which is stylish, large, serious, and highly professional. It operates by using a capacitor to transform the acoustic vibrations to electrical current. It requires a power source with 48V for functioning. It is sensitive to ribbon and dynamic mics and delivers a louder signal output. So this sensitivity makes it a quiet and ideal choice for end dynamic sources like vocals. Because the microphone with a large-diaphragm condenser exhibits several numbers of pleasing sonically voices with maximum quality.
It helps to develop a larger than life sound and relate it with vocals of a pro studio. It is effective for varied kinds of sources and available as a single piece to manage the entire task. Most of the trending LDC provides selective patterns of polar, which makes them incredibly versatile and helpful in varied recording scenarios, which is the best mic for developing the studio.
3. Microphone with Small Diaphragm Condenser
It is mostly known as pencil condensers because of their tiny-sized, minimum flashy brother of LDC. But the sound blowing out from it is unbelievable. Irrespective of size, the uses of small diaphragmed microphones are most effective and have wide applications. It is highly transient sensitivity and limited pickup patterns with extended top end modules. It makes it amazing for real stereo methods and suitable for acoustic instruments. It is mostly applicable in the recording session of classical music. It is seen in the pair of stereo recording and operative for developing the precise stereo images with actual acoustic space.
4. Ribbon Mics
It is a traditional microphone which was used in earlier days. The photos from the broadcast of ancient ages are finished with presenters speak to classical ribbon mics. It comprises of an ultra-thin with electro-conducting component held between magnetic poles to produce their signals. Unfortunately, the ribbon structure is too fragile, with improper movement and subjected to high SPL, but it causes ribbon breakage. But the durability of sound in ribbon microphone has a worth trade-off and has a vintage tone with warming prize.
It is perfectly suitable when people need to train the extreme high-end components like a drum with brass, guitar, and amps. It naturally develops a correct figure with a polar pattern of structure eight and reactive to extreme quality. The ribbon mic is developed in a better way and doesn’t cause any major damage like fragile early designs. It causes damages to condensers and dynamic to situations. It doesn’t require any 48V supply to ribbon mics and is a high risk to electrocuting of ribbon.
5. Cardioid Mics
This type of mic captures all things in block and front that is focused on front-end patterns. It helps eliminate the sound source at a specific point and isolates from the unambiguous sound, disturbing its original clarity and making the pleasant sound and turning into noise. Therefore, it is suitable for live performance and other noise reduction situations.
It is also helpful in the suppression of feedback. This mic can surpass the unnecessary polar patterns in a live performance, from simple karaoke to huge concerts. The other applications like the mixing of loud instruments include guitar speakers and drum kits. The subtle collaboration of sound has its off-axis with the correct position of mike and completely focuses on singing and speaking, eliminating the errors.
6. Vocal Mics
Recording the vocal requires maximum attention to the singer’s nuances, where the microphone with a large-diaphragm condenser operates best. The shotgun mics and omnidirectional mics are used to capture in choir and groups.
Conclusion – Types of Microphone
Hence according to the requirement, the mics can be selected to get their effective usage.
This is a guide to Types of Microphone. Here we discuss the introduction along with different types of microphone respectively. You may also have a look at the following articles to learn more –