Introduction to Spoofing
Spoofing is commonly used as the first stage in a broader cyberattack, such as a man-in-the-middle attack or a web ransomware attack. Spoofing can be used using a variety of communication channels and requires different levels of technical expertise. Phishing attacks, which are scams aimed at obtaining sensitive information from individuals or organisations, can be carried out using spoofing. More information on how different spoofing attack methods function can be found in the following examples of spoofing attack methods.
Different Types of Spoofing
Let us discuss the various types of Spoofing.
When an attacker uses a fake email address to execute a cyberattack, this is known as email spoofing. The attacker may impersonate the email address, the email sender name, or both, depending on the email spoofing technique. Furthermore, the attacker can adopt various identities, including that of the sender, the company, or sometimes both.
The sender’s name, for example, is firstname.lastname@example.org, although Jon Stark is not employed by ABC Textiles. Jon is not a real person, but the recipient works at ABC Textiles, a huge multinational corporation. Because the email has the logo of the company and urges her to perform legitimate work-related duties, the recipient trusts it. The spoofed email, as phishing, uses urgent and compelling language to entice the recipient to take action right away. This sense of urgency accomplishes two goals: it reduces the risk of uncertainty and doubt, and it persuades the recipient that they are assisting and doing the right thing.
Caller ID Spoofing
Caller ID spoofing is a common technique in which contact information that appears to originate from your area code is used. When we notice it’s a local number, we’re more likely to receive the phone. Because the caller appears to be from a police officer, the target is forced to pay bogus fines, reveal personal information, and so on, all under the threat of being arrested.
If the target doesn’t trust them, some attackers would advise them to call them back on the number. When their call is answered, attackers use social engineering techniques to keep targets on the line and convince them to take action. This advanced social engineering strategy validates the relationship and adds credibility to the call.
Website spoofing involves creating a fake website that appears to be legitimate. The logo, graphics, domain name, branding, layout, and contact details on a faked website are all identical to those on the actual website. It’s hard to spot a spoofed website without looking closely at the domain name or looking for subtle errors in the text.
Spoofed websites are used by attackers for a variety of purposes, including gathering login credentials, obtaining credit card details, installing malware, and other criminal acts. Often, the target initially receives a malicious email that directs them to the phishing website.
When GPS spoofing happens, a fake GPS signal is sent to a GPS receiver, causing all GPS devices in the area to display the wrong location. Cyber attackers employ GPS spoofing to take control of vehicles, drones, boats, and any other devices which relies on navigation. GPS spoofing is an advanced
IP Addresses Spoofing
IP address spoofing conceals the actual identity and location of the attacker’s computer or mobile. Spoofing an IP address for a network that uses IP address authentication makes it easy for attackers to get access to the network. hacking technique that can be used to hijack submarines or drones, as well as to disrupt military navigation systems.
IP address spoofing is commonly used to execute a denial-of-service attack, flooding the network with traffic and eventually shutting it down. In other cases, the cybercriminal just wishes to conceal their location from the recipient; this strategy might be used with email or website spoofing to give the attack more validity.
Text Message Spoofing
The use of a fake phone number to send harmful text messages is known as text messaging spoofing. The attacker hides behind the sender name or phone number. This sort of spoofing relies on extensive research to determine which types of text messages the recipient is most likely to receive and respond to. The text message could contain a phone or mobile number for the recipient to contact or a link to a harmful website that can be used to commit more cybercrime. To get the recipient to respond promptly, the SMS message uses social engineering techniques.
Address Resolution Protocol or ARP spoofing
It is a technical and advanced cyber attack in which the attacker’s Media Access Control (MAC) address is linked to a legitimate IP address. This enables the attacker to intercept and steal information intended for the IP address’s owner. ARP spoofing is often used to steal information, commit man-in-the-middle attacks, launch a Session hijacking, or denial-of-service attack.
Doman Name Server spoofing, often known as DNS spoofing, allows attackers to divert traffic from a real IP address to a fake IP address. This spoofing technique could be used by attackers to send people to malicious websites.
The file type is disguised through extension spoofing, making it possible to convince targets to install attachments. attackers are already aware that People have been advised not to download executables. An infected executable may be disguised with a faked extension, such as doc.exe, by an attacker. The file is named newfile.doc in the email, and the recipient does not hesitate to open it. The file appears in the email as newfile.doc, and the recipient downloads and installs it without hesitation.
Facial spoofing is a new type of spoofing that uses facial recognition software for unlocking or gaining access to a secure structure. This method of spoofing is very rare, but as facial recognition technology progresses and more companies adopt it as part of their security system, the possibilities of facial spoofing will increase.
Spoofing is sometimes easy to notice, but not always—malicious attackers are increasingly executing complex spoofing attacks that demand user attentiveness. Knowing the different types of spoofing and how to spot them can help you avoid becoming a victim.
This is a guide to Spoofing Types. Here we discuss the Introduction, Different Types of Spoofing. You may also have a look at the following articles to learn more –