Updated June 21, 2023
Introduction to Selenium Alternatives
There are numerous alternatives available in the market instead of Selenium for organizations to choose from, depending on the qualities they prefer for their test automation tools. Few of the many tools chosen after careful comparison are mabl, headspin, TestCafe studio, cypress, cucumber, Appium, Unified Functional Tester, IBM Rational Functional Tester, Redwood, Watir, Screenster, Telerik Test Studio, Sikulix, Galen Framework, ipswitch imacros, Ranorex, TestCraft, Squish, Katalon Studio, Tricentis Tosca, Serenity, etc.
Components Of Selenium
Selenium has mainly 4 components which are as follows:
- IDE (Selenium Integrated Development Environment)
- RC (Selenium Remote Control)
- Selenium Grid
1. IDE (Selenium Integrated Development Environment)
Selenium Integrated Development Environment is a complete integrated development environment for the selenium test. It is a Firefox plugin that can be used to create test cases quickly. The test cases or scripts are recorded in selenese, which is a scripting language for selenium again, which can be exported to any scripting language like Python, java, ruby, Perl, etc. The recorded scripts can playback n number of times.
2. RC (Selenium Remote Control)
RC is an automated web testing tool allowing users to use the programming language according to them; Java, Python, PHP, C#, Perl, and Ruby programming languages are supported.
4. Selenium Grid
Selenium Grid runs with Selenium RC to run all the test parallel (running multiple test cases at once) simultaneously on different machines and browsers.
There are some drawbacks of the Selenium tool. It can test only web applications and has no technical support because it is an open-source, low-level API; to run parallel test cases needs knowledge which consumes time, and it cannot use to test on images and all. Some of the alternatives to selenium are available; we will discuss them.
List of Selenium Alternatives
Below are some amazing Selenium Alternatives that are as follows:
1. Katalon Studio
Katalon Studio is an open-source robust API used to test automation on the web and mobile with continuous integration.
It is a codeless Selenium platform for test automation that does faster test creation and execution while eliminating test maintenance overhead. The testers can create fully automated test scenarios without coding. It is integrated with CI/CD, making finding bugs faster.
Screenster is an automation test tool that is a 10x faster tool for cloud-based UI testing platforms used for websites or web applications visual regression testing. As its name suggests, it captures each step’s screenshot and stores it as a baseline. It requires less code without hand-coding for automating UI tests; the test cases run as part of CI, and any difference found between the regression run and baseline, then the test case is marked as a fail. It has the features of auto-correcting smart selectors and timeout management.
4. Tricentis Tosca
Tricentis Tosca is a testing tool for DevOps and Agile, which deliver fast feedback for them. It is performed through Continuous platform Testing, which accelerates fast testing with DevOps and Agile. The features are reusing tests, the testing time reduces for regression to minutes, automating SAP, Robotics, Web, Mobile, and so on.
TestArchitect is a good testing tool for scaling up productivity and test automation. It is also a scriptless automation tool that is keyword-driven testing and hence reduces maintenance costs. It is codeless automation and keyword-based testing, which helps in high reusability. The TestArchitect testing tool is used on different platforms like desktop, mobile, and cross-browser.
Squish is testing, too, based on the GUI, which is the choice of more companies. It is a cross-platform tool. The Squish tool can automate functional regression and system tests for its GUIs. It can be used for desktop, web, mobile, and embedded platforms and the testing scripts record.
Cypress is a testing tool that is open-source for web environments. Compared to Selenium, it is closely working with current development practices. The Cypress feature can observe test pass or fail, take snapshots of test run, etc.
8. Ranorex Studio
Ranorex Studio testing tool tests desktop, mobile, and web applications. As Selenium, it provides capture and replies codeless automation. It provides full IDE for C# and VB.NET and also supports Java applets, non-HTML web elements, and image-based validation, and it also has inbuilt reporting. It integrates with CI/CD, BDD, source control, defect tracking, test management, and so on to test incomplete test automation.
TestLeft is an automated testing tool for UI from Smartbear Software, which can test in its own IDE. It creates faster test cases than other UI testing tools and creates less number of codes for testing the framework. It supports Java, .NET, C#, Jenkins, etc.
Functionize testing tool is based on a designed cloud platform, which requires continuous CI/CD pipeline testing. It makes your application learn AI and machine learning which overcome the selector-based maintenance, so you can create the Natural language test creation and can create the tests from a desktop or mobile browser.
iMacros is a testing tool for the web. It’s record and playback tests. iMacros testing tool is used for web testing, browser automation, and data extraction. It can perform functional, regression, and performance testing of web applications that use the technology Java, Ajax, Flex, and so on.
Cucumber is the best Selenium Alternative because it is open-source and based on Behavior Driven Development.
UFT (Unified Functional Test) is a QTP(Quick Test Professional). People use the VBScript language to learn a language quickly. It supports web, Oracle, SAP, Seibel, and others and tests multi-platform, cross-browser, and object recognition based on an image.
Serenity testing tool used for regression tests and automated acceptance tests. Serenity generates test reports that can include comments for each test case, aggregate vise test results according to a requirement, and document and describe functional test coverage.
15. IBM Ration Functional Tester
IBM Rational Functional Tester is a testing tool for regression testing and automated functional testing. Users can employ VBScript to conduct automated, data-driven regression and GUI tests. Support an application using the technology Java, ajax, PowerBuilder, Net, and so on.
16. Galen framework
This is another selenium alternative, as it is an automation testing tool that can be used with integrated selenium. The Galen framework tool uses to test the web application layouts and frameworks’ functional testing as well. The error reporting is based on HTML; it supports multiple browsers.
SikuliX, powered by OpenCV, is an automated test tool that utilizes image recognition to identify and control GUI components visible on the screen in Windows, Linux/Unix, or Mac Operating systems. It automates repetitive tasks and allows for testing web or desktop applications under development.
RedwoodHQ is an automation test tool that is open source. It is compatible with any HTML5 and installed on a single server, and multiple clients use the web interface, so numerous test cases can run parallel. It is compatible with TeamCity or Jenkins.
Watir (Web Application Testing in Ruby ) is an automation test tool that is again open-source and uses the Ruby library. It can use to perform web tests for functional and regression testing. It supports multiple browsers for different platforms.
20. Telerik Test Studio
This has been a guide to Selenium Alternatives. Here we have discussed the basic concept with components and a list of the top 20 Selenium Alternatives respectively. You may also look at the following articles to learn more –