Introduction to Selenium Alternatives
There are numerous alternatives available in the market instead of Selenium for the organizations to choose from, depending on the qualities that they prefer their test automation tools. Few of the many tools chosen after careful comparison are mabl, headspin, TestCafe studio, cypress, cucumber, Appium, Unified Functional Tester, IBM Rational Functional Tester, Redwood, Watir, Screenster, Telerik Test Studio, Sikulix, Galen Framework, ipswitch imacros, Ranorex, TestCraft, Squish, Katalon Studio, Tricentis Tosca, Serenity, etc.
Components Of Selenium
The selenium has mainly 4 components which are as follows:
- IDE (Selenium Integrated Development Environment)
- RC (Selenium Remote Control)
- Selenium Grid
1. IDE (Selenium Integrated Development Environment)
Selenium Integrated Development Environment is a complete integrated development environment for the selenium test. It is a Firefox plugin that can be used for the fast creation of test cases. The test cases or scripts are recorded in selenese, which is a scripting language for selenium again which can be export to any scripting language like python, java, ruby, Perl etc. The recorded scripts can playback n number of times.
2. RC (Selenium Remote Control)
RC is the automated web testing tool where it allows a user to use the programing language according to them, Java, Python, PHP, C#, Perl, Ruby programming languages are supported.
4. Selenium Grid
Selenium Grid which runs with Selenium RC to run all the test parallel (running multiple test cases at once) at the same time on different machines and on different browsers.
There are some drawbacks of the Selenium tool like it can test only web application, no technical support because it is open-source, low-level API, to run parallel test cases need the knowledge which consumes the time, cannot use to test on images and all. Some of the alternatives to the selenium are available; we will discuss them.
List of Selenium Alternatives
Below are some amazing Selenium Alternatives that are as follows:
1. Katalon Studio
Katalon Studio is an open-source robust API, which is used to test automation on the web and mobile with continuous integration.
It is a codeless Selenium platform for test automation which does faster test creation and execution while eliminating test maintenance overhead. The fully automated test scenarios can be created by the testers without coding. It is integrated with CI/CD, faster find bugs.
Screenster is an automation test tool that is a 10x faster tool for cloud-based UI testing platform, which is used for websites or web applications visual regression testing. As its name, it captures each steps screenshot and stores it as a baseline. It requires less code without hand-coding for automating UI tests; the test cases run as part of CI, and any difference found in between regression run and baseline then test case is marked as a fail. It is having the features of auto-correcting smart selectors and timeout management.
4. Tricentis Tosca
Tricentis Tosca is a testing tool for DevOps and Agile, which deliver fast feedback for them. It is performed through Continuous platform Testing, which accelerates fast testing with DevOps and Agile. The features are reusing tests; the testing time reduces for regression to minutes, it automates SAP, Robotics, Web, Mobile and so on.
TestArchitect is a good testing tool for scaling up productivity and test automation. It also a scriptless automation tool that is keyword-driven testing and hence reduce maintenance costs. It is codeless automation and keyword-based testing, which helps in high reusability. The TestArchitect testing tool is used on a different platform like desktop, mobile and cross-browser.
Squish is testing too based on the GUI, which is the choice of more companies. It is a cross-platform tool. To automate the functional regression and system tests for its GUIs, the Squish tool can be used. It can be used for desktop, web, mobile and embedded platforms and the testing scripts record.
Cypress is a testing tool which is open-source for web environments. As compared to Selenium, it is closely working with current development practices. The Cypress feature is can observe test pass or fail, can take snapshots of test run etc.
8. Ranorex Studio
Ranorex Studio testing tool is used for testing a desktop, mobile and web application. As Selenium, it provides capture and replies codeless automation. It provides full IDE for C# and VB.NET and also supports for Java applets, non-HTML web elements, image-based validation, and it also has inbuilt reporting. It integrates with CI/CD, BDD, source control, defect tracking, test management and so on to test the incomplete test automation.
TestLeft is an automating testing tool for UI from Smartbear Software, which can test in its own IDE. It creates faster the test cases as compared to other UI testing tools, creates less number of codes for testing the framework. It support for Java, .NET, C#, Jenkins, and so on.
Functionize testing tool is based on a cloud platform designed, which require continuous testing in a CI/CD pipeline. It makes your application to learn AI and machine learning which overcome the selector-based maintenance, so can create the Natural language test creation and can create the tests from a desktop or the mobile browsers.
iMacros is a testing tool for the web. Its record and playback tests. iMacros testing tool is used for web testing, browser automation, and data extraction. It can use to perform functional, regression and performance testing of the web application which are using the technology Java, Ajax, Flex and so on.
Cucumber is the best Selenium Alternatives because it is open-source based on Behavior Driven Development.
UFT (Unified Functional Test) is also called a QTP(Quick Test Professional). The VBScript language is used, which quick learn a language. It supports web, Oracle, SAP, Seibel and so on, use to perform testing for multi-platform, cross-browser and object recognition based on an image.
Serenity testing tool used for regression tests and automated acceptance test. Serenity generates test reports that can include comments for each test case, aggregate vise test result according to a requirement, document and describe functional test coverage.
15. IBM Ration Functional Tester
IBM Rational Functional Tester is a testing tool for regression testing and automated functional testing. It can be used to test automated testing, data-driven testing, regression, and GUI. Support to an application which is using the technology java, ajax, PowerBuilder, Net and so on.
16. Galen framework
This is another selenium alternative as it is an automation testing tool which can be used with integrated selenium. The Galen framework tool uses to test the web application layouts and frameworks functional testing as well. The error reporting is based on HTML; it supports multiple browsers.
SikuliX is an automated test tool powered by OpenCV which uses image recognition to identify and control GUI components, as anything seen on the screen in Windows, Linux/Unix or Mac Operating System. It automates repetitive tasks and can be used to test web or desktop application and for them as well, which are under development.
RedwoodHQ is an automation test tool which is open source. It compatible with any HTML5 and installed on a single server and multiple clients uses through the web interface so multiple test case can run parallel. It is compatible with TeamCity or Jenkins.
Watir (Web Application Testing in Ruby ) is an automation test tool which is again an open-source uses Ruby library. It can use to perform web tests for functional and regression testing. It supports multiple browsers for different platforms.
20. Telerik Test Studio
This has been a guide to Selenium Alternatives. Here we have discussed the basic concept with components and a list of the top 20 Selenium Alternatives, respectively. You may also look at the following article to learn more –