What is Rolling Budget?
The rolling Budget is defined as the budget that is of continuous nature and has to be regularly updated when the period of the budget expires. Thus, the rolling budget signifies continuation apprising the existing budget placed by the management and is also regarded as the extension of the existing budget. Therefore, it is also classified as a rollover budget.
Explanation of Rolling Budget
The rolling budget, also termed the budget rollover, is the continuation of the existing budget in place. The rolling budgets generally consist of the targets as placed by the management of the organization. The rollover budgets are updated on an annual basis, quarterly basis as well as on a monthly basis.
The rollover budget also helps in the establishment of the benchmarks that the employees anticipate to earn. It additionally places financial and performance-oriented goals in place for the current fiscal period. When the current fiscal period expires, the budgeting team reviews the budget again. If the budget requires some additions, it is accordingly modified and rolled over to the next fiscal period. The management and maintenance of the rolling budgets generally require hiring skilled resources as there are various methodologies to create the rolling budget. It can be prepared using incremental budgeting, activity-based budgeting, on kaizen-based budgeting, and on zero-based budgeting. Generally, if the targets established by the management are of very high levels, then it can cause severe attrition for the organization as well. The employees may get demotivated from the work itself and may then look out for a better role. Generally, management should look forward to and adapt to the kaizen-based rolling budget by assessing and reviewing the continual scope of improvements in how the organization delivers outputs and achieves better results. The scope of continuous improvement ensures that the organization displays more productivity, quality, and efficiency.
Examples of Rolling Budget (With Excel Template)
Let’s take an example to understand the calculation of the Rolling Budget in a better manner.
Let us take the example of the ABC company. The business is keen to establish a rolling budget for themselves so that they are able to generate favourable earnings for themselves. It is assumed that the business grows at the rate of 10 percent on quarter to quarter basis. The sales are expected to be at $10,000, and the direct material and direct labor will be at $2,000 and $850, respectively. The variable costs amount to $500, and the fixed costs are at $1,000. Basis the constant growth rate helps the business formulate a rolling budget.
The below excel template displays the computations of the rolling budget: –
The following are the results:
The business on actual levels generated sales of $12,000, followed by incurring of $2,500 and $850 respectively for the direct materials and direct labor, respectively. The variable costs amounted to $500, and the fixed cost amounted to $1,100 respectively. Help the management perform variance analysis and basis the results, and suggest whether they should roll out a similar budget for the upcoming quarters.
The following are the computations in excel that displays variance analysis computation: –
The following are the results: –
The management should continue using the current budget structure and roll it over to the upcoming quarters.
Factors Affecting the Rolling Budget
- It generally requires the attention of the management since such a budget is not static; rather, it is of dynamic nature. Therefore, it needs updated parameters on a regular basis.
- The rolling budget generally adopts the learner’s approach as there is requires the involvement of limited and authorized individuals that basically help create and maintain such budgets.
- It is prepared continuously and generally, requires more time in preparation than static budgets.
- It also requires revision on a regular basis to the dynamic nature of such models.
Following are the advantages are given below:
- The Preparation of the rolling budget generally requires less time, wherein such budgets are generally classified as the extension of the existing one in place and may also incorporate necessary modifications to it.
- In the event of any unanticipated happening, the rolling budget could be easily modified.
- It can be utilized to assess actual performance with respect to the existing budget.
- The rolling budget shares better insights, objectives, and responsibility for the company’s employees and the management.
- It highlights potential weaknesses as well as strengths that are prevailing in the organization. It helps in setting up the planning phase to remove any significant weakness and work towards gaining strength.
- It additionally helps in performing the variance analysis.
Following are the disadvantages are given below:
- The rolling budget generally functions well if there is robust management in place along with skilled manpower.
- It can create conflicts and a state of confusion and make employees lose focus on their work due to constant and abrupt changes.
- It should not be applied to those organizations where the conditions do not modify on a frequent basis, and there is no incorporation of transformation policies in place.
- It can cause employee demotivation also if the objectives and the targets established by the organization are hard to achieve.
- The updating and maintenance of the rolling budget could be very hard and expensive also. It requires absolutely skilled manpower to assess actual performance with the budgeted performance. Moreover, it requires additional manpower to update such budgets on a regular basis.
The rolling budget is defined as the extension of the existing budget in place. The frequency of the existing budget could be monthly, yearly, or on a quarterly basis. The rolling budget is also classified as the budget rollover. In short, It can be compared continuous budget or a type of budget that brings in new waves, and it is in continuation with the existing budget. On the other hand, it can be dynamic, requiring frequent revision or updating. Therefore, to formulate a comprehensive rolling budget, the management generally hires experts from the finance field.
This is a guide to Rolling Budget. Here we also discuss the introduction and example of rolling budget along with advantages and disadvantages. You may also have a look at the following articles to learn more –