Introduction to Python OverflowError
In Python, OverflowError occurs when any operations like arithmetic operations or any other variable storing any value above its limit then there occurs an overflow of values that will exceed it’s specified or already defined limit. In general, in all programming languages, this overflow error means the same. In Python also this error occurs when an arithmetic operation result is stored in any variable where the result value is larger than any given data type like float, int, etc exceeds the limit or value of current Python runtime values. Therefore when these values are larger than the declared data type values will result to raise memory errors.
How does Python OverflowError work?
Working of Overflow Error in Python:
In this article, we will see when and how this overflow error occurs in any Python program. An overflow error, in general, is as its name suggests which means overflow itself defines an extra part, therefore in Python also this occurs when an obtained value or result is larger than the declared operation or data type in the program then this throws an overflow error indicating the value is exceeding the given or declared limit value.
Examples to Implement Python OverflowError
Now let us see simple and general examples below:
print("Simple program for showing overflow error") print("\n") import math print("The exponential value is") print(math.exp(1000))
Explanation: In the above program, we can see that we are declaring math module and using to calculate exponential value such as exp(1000) which means e^x here x value is 1000 and e value is 2.7 where when are trying to calculate this it will give value as a result which is double and it cannot print the result, therefore, it gives an overflow error as seen in the above program which says it is out of range because the x value is 1000 which when results give the value which is out of range or double to store the value and print it.
Now we will see a program that will give an error due to data type value storage which exceeds the range. In the above program, we saw the arithmetic operation. Now let us demonstrate this value exceeds in data type values in the below example:
import time currtime = [tm for tm in time.localtime()] print("Print the current data and time") print(currtime) print("\n") time2 = (2**73) print("The invlaid time is as follows:") print(time2) print("\n") currtime = time2 time3 = time.asctime(currtime) print(time3)
Explanation: In the above program, we are printing the current time using the time module, when we are printing cure time in the program we are printing current time using time.local time() function which results in the output with [year, month, day, minutes, seconds… ] and then we are trying to print the value by changing the hours to a larger value the limit it can store. Therefore when we are trying to print this value it will throw an error saying Python int is too large to convert to C long. Where it means it cannot store such big value and convert it to the long data type. This output gives overflow error because the time3 uses plain integer object and therefore it cannot take objects of arbitrary length. These errors can be handled by using exception handling. In the below section we will see about this exception handling. In the above programs, we saw the Overflow error that occurred when the current value exceeds the limit value. So to handle this we have to raise overflowError exception. This exception in hierarchal found in order is BaseException, Exception, ArithmeticError, and then comes OverflowError. Now let us see the above programs on how to resolve this problem.
Now let us see how we can handle the above math out of range as overflow error by using try and except exception handling in the below program. Code:
print("Simple program for showing overflow error") print("\n") import math try: print("The exponential value is") print(math.exp(1000)) except OverflowError as oe: print("After overflow", oe)
Explanation: So we can see in the above screenshot where we are handling the OverflowError by using try and except block and it will print the message when it throws this exception. We can see it in the above result output how the exception is handled.
Let us see the solution of another program in the above section by using this exception handling concept. Let us demonstrate it below:
import time try: currtime = [tm for tm in time.localtime()] print("Print the current data and time") print(currtime) print("\n") time2 = (2**73) print("The invlaid time is as follows:") print(time2) print("\n") currtime = time2 print(time.asctime(currtime)) except OverflowError as oe: print("After the Overflow error", oe)
Explanation: In the above program, we can see that again we handled the OverflowError by using try and except blocks or exception handling as we did it in the above program.
In this article, we conclude that an overflow error is an error that occurs when the current runtime value obtained by the Python program exceeds the limit value. In this article, we saw this error occurs when we use arithmetic operations in the program and the result exceeds the limit range value. We also saw this error occurs when we are trying to convert from one data type to another when the value is larger than the given data type storage range. Lastly, we saw how to handle this error using exception handling using try and except block.
This is a guide to Python OverflowError. Here we discuss an introduction to Python OverflowError, how does it work with programming examples. You can also go through our other related articles to learn more –