**Net Cash Flow Formula (Table of Contents)**

## What is the Net Cash Flow Formula?

The term “net cash flow” refers to the cash generated or lost by a business over a certain period of time, which may be annual, quarterly, monthly, etc. In other words, it is the difference between a company’s cash inflow and outflow during the reporting period. The net cash flow is also the difference between the opening cash balance and the closing cash balance of a reporting period. The formula for net cash flow can be derived by adding cash flow from operations, cash flow from investing and cash flow from financing. Mathematically, it is represented as,

**Net Cash Flow = Cash Flow From Operations + Cash Flow From Investing + Cash Flow From Financing**

**Examples of Net Cash Flow Formula (With Excel Template)**

Let’s take an example to understand the calculation of Net Cash Flow in a better manner.

#### Net Cash Flow Formula – Example #1

**Let us take the example of a company DFR Ltd. which is in the business of manufacturing furniture. The senior management of the company wants to assess its cash flow during the year. The finance department provided the following details about the cash flow during the year**

**Cash flow from operations: $1,820,000****Cash flow from investing: -$670,000****Cash flow from financing: -$250,000**

**Help the senior management with a calculation of the net cash flow for the year.**

**Solution:**

Net Cash Flow is calculated using the formula given below

**Net Cash Flow = Cash Flow From Operations + Cash Flow From Investing + Cash Flow From Financing**

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- Net Cash Flow = $1,820,000 + (-$670,000) + (-$250,000)
- Net Cash Flow =
**$900,000**

Therefore, the net cash flow of DFR Ltd. for the year was $900,000.

#### Net Cash Flow Formula – Example #2

**Let us take the example of Apple Inc. to illustrate the calculation of net cash flow. According to the annual report for the year 2018, the following information is available:**

** Calculate the net cash flow of Apple Inc. for the year 2018 based on the given information.**

**Solution:**

Cash Flow From Operating Activities is calculated as

Cash Flow From Investing Activities is calculated as

Cash Flow From Financing Activities is calculated as

Net Cash Flow is calculated using the formula given below

**Net Cash Flow = Cash Flow From Operations + Cash Flow From Investing + Cash Flow From Financing**

- Net Cash Flow = $77,434 Mn + $16,066 Mn + (-$87,876 Mn)
- Net Cash Flow =
**$5,624 Mn**

Therefore, the net cash flow of Apple Inc. for the year 2018 stood at $5,624 Mn.

**Source Link: Apple Inc. Balance Sheet**

### Explanation

The formula for net cash flow can be derived by using the following steps:

**Step 1: **Firstly, determine the cash flow generated from operating activities. It captures the cash flow originating from the core operations of the company including cash outflow from working capital requirement and adjusts all other non-operating expenses (interest) and non-cash items (depreciation).

**Step 2: **Next, determine the cash flow generated from the investing activities, which primarily include cash outflow either in the form of capital expenditure or investment in stocks/bonds or cash inflow of dividends earned from investments.

**Step 3:** Next, determine the cash flow generated from the financing activities, which captures cash inflow for additional debt raised or infusion of equity, while cash outflow includes debt repayment, dividend payment, interest payment, etc.

**Step 4:** Finally, the formula for net cash flow can be derived by adding cash flow from operations, cash flow from investing and cash flow from financing as shown below.

**Net Cash Flow = Cash Flow From Operations + Cash Flow From Investing + Cash Flow From Financing**

### Relevance and Use of Net Cash Flow Formula

It is important to understand the concept of net cash flow as it is a good indicator of the liquidity position of companies. Typically, long-term positive cash flows indicate healthy position and such companies can comfortably meet their short-term obligations without resorting to the liquidation of their assets. On the other hand, long-term low or negative cash flow indicates weak financial health and such companies may even be at the brink of bankruptcy. So, this is how a trend in cash flow can help assess the financial health of a company.

### Net Cash Flow Formula Calculator

You can use the following Net Cash Flow Calculator

Cash Flow From Operations | |

Cash Flow From Investing | |

Cash Flow From Financing | |

Net Cash Flow | |

Net Cash Flow = | Cash Flow From Operations + Cash Flow From Investing + Cash Flow From Financing | |

0 + 0 + 0 = | 0 |

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