Differences Between Linux vs Windows
Windows is a series of operating systems, computer operating system (OS) developed by Microsoft for personal desktops/devices or computer (PC). Each operating system comes with a graphical user interface (GUI) with a desktop that allows a user to view all files, videos, etc. It is designed to run on x86 hardware such as AMD, Intel processors. So windows OS comes with almost all company that made PC’s or laptops. Linux is an open-source operating system based on UNIX, created in 1991. It is software which sites underneath of all other software on a computer. Users can modify the existing code and create distributions from it as it is an open-source operating system. Linux is mostly used as a server – as most of the web pages over the internet are generated from Linux servers and
What is Windows Operating System?
The first version of Windows OS is released in 1985, which is a simple GUI, an extension of the existing disk operating system (MS-DOS) and major release. From my perspective, the 1995 consumer release has integrated windows and DOS with built-in internet support. Most of the PC is currently running on the Windows operating system only. The latest Windows OS version is Windows 10, which is currently ruling the market.
What is a Linux Operating System?
Linux is an open-source operating system based on UNIX, created in 1991. Linux operating system also comes with a graphical user interface (GUI) with some necessary software that are used daily. It is also used in desktop computers, mobile devices, gaming consoles, digital storing devices, eBook readers, cameras, and video recorders with Linux running.
Head to Head Comparison Between Linux and Windows (Infographics)
Below is the Top 9 Comparison Between Linux and Windows:
Key Differences Between Linux and Windows
Following is the Differences Between Linux and Windows:
- Linux is an open-source operating system, whereas Windows OS is commercial.
- Linux has access to source code and alters the code as per user need, whereas Windows does not have access to source code.
- Linux will run faster than windows latest editions, even with a modern desktop environment and features of the operating system, whereas windows are slow on older hardware.
- Linux distributions don’t collect user data, whereas Windows collects all the user details, which leads to privacy concern.
- Linux is more reliable then windows as in Linux, we can kill application if they hung through the x kill command, whereas, in windows, we need to try multiple times to kill it.
- Linux supports a wide variety of free software’s than windows, but windows have a large collection of video game software.
- In Linux software, the cost is almost free as all programs, utilities, complex applications such as open office are free, but windows also have many free programs and utilities, but most of the programs are commercial.
- Linux is highly secure because it’s easy to identify bugs and fix, whereas Windows has a large user base and becomes a target for developers of viruses and malware.
- Corporate organizations use Linux as servers and operating system for security purpose at Google, Facebook, Twitter etc., whereas gamers and business users mostly use windows.
- Linux and windows have the same priority over hardware and driver support in the present situation.
Linux and Windows Comparison Table
Below is a detailed comparison of Linux and Windows.
|Basis for Comparison||Linux||Windows|
|Access||In Linux, the user has access to the source code of the kernel and alter the code according to his need. It has its own advantages, like bugs in OS will fix at a rapid pace and disadvantages like developers may take advantage of any weakness in OS if they found.||In windows, every user won’t have access to the source code; only members of the selected group will have access to it.|
|Flavors or Variety||Linux has various distributions which are highly customizable based on user needs.||Windows has very few customization options available.|
|Licensing||In Linux with GPL- Licensed operating system, users are free to modify the software, can re-use in any number of systems and even they can sell the modified version.||In windows, with a Microsoft license, users won’t have access to source code (can’t modify the software) and based on a number of licenses – we can install only on those number of computers.|
|Command-line||In Linux, the command line is a very useful tool for administration and daily tasks but for end-users, it doesn’t make much difference.||In windows, we have a command line but can’t use a Linux command line. We need to go running and enter cmd then the command line will open.|
|Run level||Linux has an inbuilt ability to stop at different run levels; with this, we can work using a command line and GUI if anyone has an issue.||In windows, if we encounter any problem in order to fix it, we need to reboot at run level 3 as an administrator/ root to find and fix the problem.|
|Usability||Linux is complicated to install but has the ability to complete complex tasks easier.||Windows gives user’s a simple system to operate, but it will take a longer time to install.|
|Support||Linux has support via a huge community of user forums/websites and online search.||Windows has support that is easily accessible, online forums/ websites, and it has paid support also.|
|Updates||In Linux, users have full control of updates; we can install whenever we needed, and it will take less time without any reboot.||In windows, updates will come at inconvenient times, such as you are giving a print to the printer but suddenly update pop up will come, which makes users frustrate and took more time to install.|
|Security||Linux is more secure than windows, where hackers or developers of viruses will find it difficult to break through Linux.||Windows is the major target for developers of viruses and malware, and it is most vulnerable without anti-virus software.|
Finally, it is an overview of Linux vs Windows, and I hope that you will be interested to know more about these operating system internals after reading these differences between Linux and Windows article.
Users looking to change operating system from windows to Linux or vice-versa will have a good idea of the advantages and disadvantages of both Linux and Windows operating systems and decide based on their requirement and have more advantages. These are the differences between Linux and Windows operating systems, and as in my opinion, I feel that Linux has more advantages than a Windows operating system.
This has been a guide to Differences Linux vs Windows. Here we have discussed Linux vs Windows head to head comparison, key difference, and infographics and comparison table. You may also look at the following articles to learn more –