Introduction to Kali Linux Commands
Kali Linux is one of the popular tools designed by Linux distribution for mainly used in digital forensics for ensuring proper penetration testing. It is one of the first open-source platforms where android application penetration testing can also be possible. Backtracking mainly holding one specific mode called forensic mode; this is mainly carried over to this Kali environment by using some live boot. This article will see different kali Linux commands.
Basic Kali Linux Commands
There has a lot of kali Linux commands, especially for running or handling any kind of defined documents, create documents, maintaining varieties of directories, or writing scripts in the Linux platform. Some of the basic commands are mentioned below:
- Command for getting Date: This is one of the common commands for helping to display normal dates with time on the Linux screen. It is also possible to set some of the custom dates, which can be handled by using this specific command.
# date –set=’17 Jan 2019 12:16’
Executing the above command, always given the below result as output:
Thu Jan 17 12:18:20 EDT 2019
- Command for displaying Calendar: One of the key commands of the Kali Linux operating system is cal which actually helps for displaying the proper require calendar in the Linux terminal screen where anyone can able to identify the local date. There has a lot of additional calendar packages available in the case of the Kali Linux command, where people can able to manage the calendar in varieties way, sometimes they can able to present it vertically or some other critical features with this additional command. This additional command package call the ncal package needs to download to your local Linux machine for using those features.
- Whoami and who command: There is two very much useful and popular command in Kali Linux platform are whoami and who commands. Whoami is one of the key commands which provided an exact effective username immediately who are involved in executing this specific command. And who is the command where it will give entire logged-in user detail information?
- Pwd: PWD is actually standing for Print Working Directory. This Kali Linux command is mainly using for displaying the specific directory where the command executer is currently belonged to. Sometimes in the case of the Linux platform, user are unable to understand in which directory he is right now. Then PWD is the key command for understanding the same.
- Ls: This is also a very commonly used command in the Kali Linux platform. Every user, after applying their logic, this is one of the first commands they execute. Command Ls is actually providing the entire list of documents available in that specific directory. There have several other extended commands of Ls which are using for managing the display of those files in a proper manner. Suppose, ls –lrt, ls –al are given some additional information of those list of files on that specific directory.
- Cd: Cd command is mainly used for changing the directory in the Kali Linux platform.
- Mkdir: Mkdir is one of the key commands for the Kali Linux platform. This actually helps in creating one new directory in the Kali Linux platform.
- Cat: Cat command is commonly used for displaying the entire content of one file. It also can be used for creating or concatenate single or multiple files in the Kali Linux platform.
- Cp: This Kali Linux command is normally used for copying the image of an existing file or directory and paste the same anywhere in the Kali Linux platform with a different file name.
- Mv: Mv command is also a very frequently used command for moving the files or directory to another location with the same name and content.
Intermediate Kali Linux Commands
There are several other popular kali Linux commands which have been used by the developer who is not very basic but working with Kali Linux more; those Linux commands are very much required to execute.
Some of those kinds of requiring intermediate Linux commands are mentioned below:
- Rm: Rm command is used for mainly deleting or removing files or multiple files. If we use this rm command recursively, then it will remove the entire directory.
- Uname: This command is very much useful for displaying the entire current system information properly. It helps for displaying Linux system information in the Linux environment in a proper way for understanding the system’s current configuration.
- Uptime: The uptime command is also one of the key commands for the Kali Linux platform, which gives information about how long the system is running.
- Users: These Kali Linux commands are used for displaying the login user name who is currently logged in on the Linux system.
- Less: Less command is very much used for displaying the file without opening or using cat or vi commands. This command is basically one of the powerful extensions of the ‘more’ command in the Linux environment.
Advanced Kali Linux Commands
Still, some of the critical tasks need to be done by the Kali Linux command users frequently. Those tasks also have some advance kind of commands need to be executed, which mainly used by some of the managerial people for sorting, identifying or modifying a specific file, shell scripting writing, job scheduling etc. Those advance kind of Kali Linux commands are below:
- More: This command is used for displaying proper output in one page at a time. It is mainly useful for reading one long file by avoiding scrolling the same.
- Sort: This is for using sorting the content of one specific define file. This is very much useful for displaying some of the critical contents of a big file in sorted order. If we user including this sort command, then it will give reverse order of the content.
- Vi: This is one of the key editor available from the first day onwards in UNIX or Linux platform. It normally provided two kinds of mode, normal and insert.
- Free: It is provided details information of free memory or RAM available in a Linux system.
- History: This command is holding the history of all the executed command on the Linux platform.
Tips and Tricks to Use Kali Linux commands
Some common users who very frequently use Kali Linux commands, they normally use some of the tips and tricks for utilizing Kali Linux command output in a proper way. Those kinds of tricks normally solve some user-specific queries and display execution output for understanding the same properly. Some of the very commonly used key tricks are:
- Securing and Protecting Kali Linux: One if the critical process available in Kali Linux by using VPN services with some configuration changes specifically in a custom proxy.
- Secure with Password: there has one utility of securing your personal information with a specific password and lock them on to our target. And recovering the same by providing a proper password.
This is one of the key tools currently available which can be used for a number of purposes. This is mainly helping in identifying or exploiting some of the victim networks or specific applications. Sometimes it will be used as scanning some target IP address.
This has been a guide to Kali Linux Commands. Here we have discuss basic as well as advanced Kali Linux Commands and some immediate commands. You may also look at the following article to learn more –