Introduction to Inheritance Interview Questions and Answers
Inheritance is a very popular and a common word for all the techies who belong from a development background. This is among the core features of the object-oriented programming paradigm popularly known as OOPs. Many programming languages such as Java, C++, Lisp, Perl, Python, Scala, etc. support inheritance in some way or the other.
The core fundamental idea behind inheritance is the use of classes and objects that acquires other entities’ similar properties, thereby reducing the additional effort of reprogramming and rebuilding that piece of code. This helps in keeping the class file short, precise, crisp and of a comparatively lower cost with respect to space-time complexity. Here, in this article, we will present a list of inheritance interview questions for you.
If you are looking for a job related to Inheritance, you need to prepare for the 2021 Inheritance Interview Questions. Every interview is indeed different as per the different job profiles. Here, we have prepared the important Inheritance Interview Questions and Answers, which will help you succeed in your interview.
In this 2021 Inheritance Interview Questions article, we shall present the 10 most important and frequently asked Inheritance interview questions. These questions are divided into two parts are as follows:
Part 1 – Inheritance Interview Questions (Basic)
This first part covers basic Inheritance Interview Questions and Answers.
Q1. What are the different other OOPs techniques apart from inheritance? Why are multiple inheritances not supported by the Java language?
Different Object-Oriented Programming techniques are Abstraction, Encapsulation, and Polymorphism. Java supports many other features but not multiple inheritances because it would create ambiguity and bring a lot of confusion and chaos. Let’s give you more insight into it by making use of an example.
Suppose we have created two classes, A and B, with the same method name: hello(), and we have also created another class, C, which is extending/inheriting the characteristics and the properties of the classes of A, B. Now, the java compiler will not understand the hello() method, which is extended by the class C is the result of which class, which calls for ambiguity.
Q2. Why can’t you inherit a constructor?
When we say that we can’t inherit a constructor, a subclass instance cannot be created by using any of the superclass constructors. You cannot do this because you do not want a superclass constructor’s properties to be overridden. This would have been possible if the inheritance was in the picture, but it is not because doing that would conflict with another concept known as Encapsulation.
Q3. Explain the differences between inheritance and composition.
The difference between inheritance and composition are as below:
|The IS-A relationship defines it.||The HAS-A relationship defines it.|
|The base class carries a derived object definition and therefore is tightly bound.||The composing object holds an external link to the composing classes, and therefore composition is loosely bound.|
|Runtime polymorphism||Dependency Injection|
|Unit classes can only inherit single classes.||Unit class components can be composed with more than one class at a time.|
|Relationship among classes||Relationship among objects|
Q4. Explain the usage of inheritance.
These are the basic Inheritance Interview Questions asked in an interview. Classes are extended, whereas interfaces are implemented in case of inheritance; there is a slight variation in the above definition. An interface extends an interface, and a class implements an interface in case of inheritance. The class/interface, which is the derivative one, is also known as the subclass or child class or base class, and the parent class is also known as the superclass, which provides its properties to the class extending it.
Q5. Can multiple interfaces be implemented? Can multiple interfaces be extended by a single interface?
Yes, that is possible. For example, properties such as Serializable and Comparability can coexist in a class and therefore, this feature can also promote the use of polymorphism. Yes, a single interface is capable of extending multiple interfaces. To cite an example, the interface java.util.The list extends both the Iterable and Collection interface.
Part 2 – Inheritance Interview Questions (Advanced)
Let us now have a look at the advanced Interview Questions.
Q6. Why cannot private methods be overridden?
The subclass did not inherit a private method’s properties, and therefore it cannot be overridden. Moreover, this kind of method is invisible to all the entities operating outside the class, and the call to it is taken care at the compile time itself by making use of Type.
Q7. In the context of inheritance, java.lang. The object class is one major class with which all other java classes are inherited. Comment on the inheritance for interfaces. Are Object classes responsible for their inheritance?
No, in the case of java, only object classes are responsible for providing an inheritance to classes and interfaces are exempted. On the contrary, the classes which are responsible for implementing interfaces have their root level of inheritance from Object classes.
Q8. Can the subclass inherit static members?
No, an inheritance of static members is not possible, but the subclass and the superclass can both consist of the static method with a common signature. The subclass will have consisted of the properties of the static member of the superclass.
Q9. Explain the different types of inheritance.
These are the popular Inheritance Interview Questions asked in an interview. Different kinds of inheritance are:
- Single Inheritance: In this kind of inheritance, a single class’s properties are extended by other single classes.
- Hierarchical Inheritance: In this kind of inheritance, multiple classes extend a single class.
- Multilevel Inheritance: In the case of multilevel inheritance, a class is inherited by a class which again is inherited by another class, thereby forming a multilevel chaining mechanism of inheritances.
- Multiple Inheritance (Not supported for classes in Java): A single class extends multiple classes, and therefore it can be said to have the above inheritance’s combination. This can be achieved by making use of interfaces.
- Hybrid Inheritance: (Not supported for classes in Java): It is essentially a combination of multilevel inheritance and multiple inheritances where a single class is derived from more than one class, and the parent class is supposedly a derived class and not a base class.
Q10. Is it possible to downgrade the visibility of an overridden or an inherited method?
No, reducing visibility is not possible.
In this post, we read about inheritance interview questions. These questions are targeted to give you a fair idea about the concepts of inheritance. There are other underlying features of object-oriented programming language which the interviewer could ask. Apart from just concepts, you should also prepare to solve any code outputs and debug inheritance related questions. I hope you liked this article. Keep following us for plenty of other good articles about various technology.
This has been a guide to the list Of Inheritance Interview Questions and Answers so that the candidate can crackdown these Interview Questions easily. Here in this post, we have studied top Inheritance Interview Questions, which are often asked in interviews. You may also look at the following articles to learn more –