HTML5 Interview Questions and Answers
HTML5 interview questions are frequently asked by an interviewer to test the basic knowledge of any web development candidate in a company.
On average, web developers bring in a base salary of $80434 per year in the United States. For someone looking to pursue a career in web development, it’s essential to understand HTML5 and its features.
Practicing using a set of popularly asked questions with their answers can help one to prepare well for the interview.
Table of Contents
- What is HTML5
- HTML Interview Questions (Basic)
- HTML Interview Questions (Advanced)
- Final Thoughts
- Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
- Recommended Articles
- Preparation is vital for HTML5 interviews, and candidates can benefit from studying common interview questions, practicing coding challenges, and having a solid understanding of HTML5 features and capabilities.
- By demonstrating proficiency in HTML5, candidates can stand out in a competitive job market and showcase their ability to create dynamic and engaging web content.
- Basic interview questions in HTML5 may include differences between HTML and HTML5, the structure of an HTML document, semantic elements, multimedia elements, and basic syntax.
- Other common interview questions in HTML5 may focus on the canvas and SVG elements, form input types, geolocation, local storage, and Web Workers.
What is HTML5?
- Web developers widely use HTML5 as the latest version of the Hypertext Markup Language.
- The W3C (World Wide Web Consortium) published it in October 2014.
- People use a markup language called HTML5 to write and organize material for the web.
- It consists of various elements enclosed within tags, which are used to define the purpose and structure of the content.
To learn more about HTML in detail, refer to EDUCBA’s guide on what HTML is.
HTML5 Interview Questions usually test candidates on the new features of the language, which include:
- Video and audio elements for multimedia
- Local storage for client-side data storage
- New semantic elements (header, footer, article, etc.)
- Canvas element for graphics and animations
- WebSockets for real-time communication
- Web Workers for background processing
- Drag and drop API for user interaction
- Accessibility with ARIA support
- Geolocation for location-based services
Below are 16 crucial HTML5 Interview Questions and Answers frequently asked in interviews.
HTML5 Interview Questions (Basic)
This first part covers basic Interview Questions and Answers.
1. What are the different elements and corresponding tags used by HTML5 media content?
HTML5 provides several HTML multimedia elements and corresponding tags that embed media content, such as audio and video, into web pages. These tags are:
- <audio>: Used to embed audio content into a web page. It supports audio file formats, including MP3, WAV, and Ogg.
- <video>: embed video content into a web page. It supports various video file formats, including MP4, WebM, and Ogg, and provides playback controls, such as play, pause, and volume.
- <embed>: Used to embed third-party content, such as videos from YouTube or Vimeo, into a web page.
- <track>: Used inside the <video> or <audio> tag to add subtitles, captions, or other text tracks to the media content. It supports several track formats, including WebVTT and TTML.
- <source>: Used to specify the basis for different multimedia elements, like <audio> and <video> elements.
2. What are the different new HTML form element types provided by HTML5?
There are mainly ten important form elements that are newly introduced in HTML5:
- Date: Used to collect dates and provides a date picker interface for easy input. <input type= “date” name = “day”>
- Color: Used to collect color values and provides a color picker interface for easy input. <input type= “color”>
- Email: Used to collect email addresses and validates the input to ensure it is in a valid email format. <input type=”email”>
- Datetime-local: Used to collect date and time values and provides a combined date and time picker interface for easy input. <input type= “datetime-local”>
- Time: Used to collect times and provides a time picker interface for easy input. <input type= “time”>
- Range: Used to create a slider control that allows users to select a value within a specified range.<input type= “range”>
- URL: Used to collect URLs and validates the input to ensure it is in a valid URL format. <input type= “url”>
- Telephone: Used to collect telephone numbers and can be configured with a pattern attribute to guide an input format. <input type= “tel”>
- Number: Used to collect numerical values and can be configured with min and max attributes to set range restrictions. <input type= “number”>
- Search: Used to create a search input field and can be configured with a placeholder attribute to provide a default search term. <input type= “search”>
3. Explain the new <canvas> element in HTML5?
4. Explain the difference between Canvas and SVG?
HTML Canvas is resolution-dependent, whereas HTML SVG is resolution-independent.
- In SVG, an event handler can be associated with the drawing object, whereas Canvas doesn’t support event handlers associated with the drawing objects.
- SVG is slower than Canvas as in the case of SVG; co-ordinates need to be remembered for the later manipulation purpose
- Canvas is suitable for graphics-intensive gaming purposes, whereas SVG is unsuitable for gaming.
5. Explain the differences between sessionStorage and localStorage objects in HTML5?
Storage stores data as per the different web session availability. Thus, data or records stored through sessionStorage will be deleted if any window or tab is permanently closed. But in the case of local storage, the storing procedure is permanent, and hence all the records will remain stored on the user’s device until the user instructs the browser to delete it.
6. What is the purpose of the drag-and-drop API in HTML5?
With the drag-and-drop API, developers can define some aspects as draggable and certain elements as droppable and specify the behavior that should occur when a part is dragged and dropped onto another element. This can be useful for various purposes, such as organizing items within a list, moving files between different folders, or creating a visual interface for editing content.
7. What is the purpose of Web Workers in HTML5?
Web Workers in HTML5 aims to allow web developers to run background scripts in a separate thread without blocking the main thread or affecting the user interface. This can be useful for performing computationally intensive tasks, such as data processing, image manipulation, or other tasks that would otherwise slow down the responsiveness of the web page.
8. How do you implement Geolocation in HTML5?
The Geolocation API can implement Geolocation in HTML5, a built-in browser feature allowing websites to request the user’s location.
- Request permission: If the Geolocation API is supported, request permission from the user to access their location using the navigator.geolocation.getCurrentPosition()’ method.
- Handle the result: After the user grants permission, the Geolocation API will return the user’s location data. You can then use it to display their location on a map or perform other location-based actions.
HTML5 Interview Questions (Advanced)
Take a look at popular advanced HTML5 Interview Questions.
9. What are the new semantic tags introduced in HTML5, and what is their purpose?
The following describes how the various HTML5 semantic components are used:
- <header>: Used to store and define the starting information about a web page section
- <article>: Used to define a set of information that can be logically independent and also can be described concerning the concerned web page business logic
- <section>: It consists of a set of instructions that defines the basic structure and content of the page
- <footer>: This is used to hold a collection of the information displayed at the last portion of a webpage
10. Explain HTML5 Web Storage?
Using HTML5, a web page can store local data on the opened browser page. It is commonly recommended as a more secure and faster alternative to any web page performance measurement procedure.
11. How can you draw a straight line on a Canvas?
The user can follow different methods to implement the process:
- Move To(x,y): It will define the start point procedures while creating the line
- line To(x,y): It will define the endpoint procedures while creating the line
- Stroke(): Used to draw the actual object
12. How can an image be drawn on a Canvas?
The drawImage(image, x, y) method can be used to draw, define and implement an image on Canvas.
13. What is the difference between HTML5 and XHTML?
- Syntax: HTML5 has a more relaxed syntax than XHTML, which requires strict XML compliance.
- Tags: HTML5 includes many new tags and attributes unavailable in XHTML.
- Parsing: HTML5 is designed to be more tolerant of errors in the code, while XHTML requires strict parsing and will not display the page if there are any errors.
- Formatting: While all elements in XHTML must be closed, not all elements in HTML5 must have closing tags.
- Compatibility: While XHTML is incompatible with earlier versions of HTML, HTML5 is not.
- DTD: XHTML requires including a specific DTD in the code, while HTML5 does not need a document type definition (DTD).
- Integration: HTML5 allows for easier integration of multimedia elements, while XHTML requires a more structured approach.
- Browsers: Most modern browsers support HTML5, whereas XHTML has limited support.
14. Explain a few advantages and disadvantages of HTML5?
- It provides greater consistency in terms of the HTML used to code a web page.
- Both audio and video support are provided.
- It helps developers to implement interactive forms
- It provides geolocation support
- HTML5 is the most mobile-ready tool for developing mobile sites and apps.
- It usually requires less maintenance support.
- It also provides more reliable storage options functionality.
- It only provides the modern browser support
- Media licensing problems exist with it.
- It has a fragmentation problem. Implementing the new HTML5 feature may work correctly in Firefox but may encounter issues when implemented in Internet Explorer.
15. What are some best practices for optimizing web pages with HTML5?
- Use semantic markup: HTML5 offers a wide range of semantic elements that help search engines and screen readers understand the structure and meaning of your content. Use these elements to improve your SEO and accessibility.
- Minimize HTTP requests: Reduce the number of HTTP requests by combining files, such as stylesheets and scripts, into a single file wherever possible.
- Optimize images: Compress images to reduce file size and use the appropriate image format, such as JPEG for photographs and PNG for graphics.
- Implement lazy loading: Use lazy loading to defer the loading of images, videos, and other content until they are needed, which can speed up page loading times.
- Use a content delivery network (CDN): Use a CDN to distribute your content across multiple servers, which can improve page load times and reduce server load.
- Optimize for mobile: Design your web pages with mobile devices in mind, using responsive design and optimizing images and videos for mobile devices.
- Use caching: Use caching to store frequently accessed files, such as stylesheets and scripts, in the user’s browser cache, which can speed up page loading times.
16. How do you implement responsive design in HTML5?
- Use media queries: Use media queries to apply different CSS styles based on the device’s screen size.
- Make use of relative units: Instead of fixed units like pixels, use relative units like percentages and ems.
- Use flexible grids: Use flexible grids like the CSS Grid or Flexbox to create a flexible layout that can adjust to different screen sizes and device orientations.
- Optimize images: Use optimized images appropriate for different screen sizes, and use the ‘srcset’ and ‘sizes’ attributes to specify various image sources for different screen sizes.
- Test on different devices: Test the responsive design on other devices and screen sizes to ensure it works as intended.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
1. What are the essential topics in HTML5?
Answer: Some crucial topics in HTML5 include semantic markup, multimedia elements, form input types, canvas, SVG, drag and drop API, Geolocation API, local storage, and Web Workers.
2. What are the basic interview questions in HTML?
Answer: Basic HTML5 interview questions-
- What is HTML5, and how is it different from HTML?
- Which new features of HTML5 have been introduced?
- What are the advantages of using HTML5 for web development?
- Purpose of the canvas element in HTML5
- What is the purpose of the video and audio elements in HTML5?
3. What is HTML5, a short answer?
Answer: Developers use HTML5 for creating web pages and applications. It is the latest version of the HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) markup language. It provides new features and functionality, such as multimedia elements, form input types, and improved semantics.
4. What are the two features of HTML5?
Answer: HTML5 includes many new features, but two of the most notable are-
- Canvas element: allows dynamic graphics and animations
- Video element: provides native support for video playback on the web
In conclusion, HTML5 is an effective markup language with several new features that have elevated it to a must-have resource for web designers. HTML5 offers several features and capabilities to create interactive and dynamic web content. These include multimedia elements like audio and video, advanced form input types, canvas and SVG graphics, and the drag-and-drop API. By preparing for HTML5 interviews with knowledge of these features and common interview questions, web developers can demonstrate their proficiency and stay up-to-date with the latest trends and best practices in web development.
This is an EDUCBA guide to HTML5 interview questions. You can view EDUCBA’s recommended articles for more information on this topic: