Life is not possible without agriculture. Since agriculture provides most of the resources necessary for human life, such as food, fruit, oil, and other necessities, no one can survive without it. The importance of agriculture is huge because it is among the earliest human pursuits and has long been necessary for human welfare and survival. Agriculture has been essential to the growth of human civilization and is still an important sector of the economy today. Let us now learn more about the essay on Agriculture.
Importance of Agriculture
According to the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations, more than 1.3 billion people work in agriculture. It supports the economy of many countries. It is not incorrect to state that the food we consume is a gift from agricultural endeavors and the Indian farmers who work hard and sweat to produce it for us.
Also, a large amount of our country’s GDP and government revenue comes from the agriculture sector. Agriculture is the primary source of almost all of our exports. The main exports include tea, cotton, sugar, sugar cane, jute products, textiles, tobacco, sugar, tea, and many other goods.
The pattern of Agriculture in India
In India, the monsoon determines the prospects of agriculture. Therefore, India’s agriculture is heavily reliant on the monsoon season. The two main agriculture seasons are popular as Kharif and Rabi Seasons.
#1 Kharif Season
Crops are sown during the beginning of the monsoon season, which starts with the occurrence of monsoons in India. The harvesting season is between September and October. There were different timelines state by state. Water is the most crucial production factor in growing Kharif crops. These crops require a lot of rain to produce the yields. Crops Grown during the Kharif Season are maize, cotton, rice, sorghum, and soybean.
#2 Rabi Season
Rabi Crops are grown from October and November during the winter months. This crop is usually harvested in the spring. These crops need constant watering as they plant during the dry season. Crops grown during Rabi seasons are Wheat, pulses, linseed mustard, oats, and barley.
The crops grown in both seasons significantly impact the cost of grains and vegetables.
The Major Crops Grown in India
Food Crops:- Corn Rice, Wheat Pulses, and Millets.
Money Crop:- Tea, sugarcane, Coffee, Oilseeds, Cotton, Horticulture Crops, and Jute
Agriculture Sector’s Growth and Development In India
India is heavily dependent on the agricultural sector. Agriculture is a way of life rather than just a source of income in India. The government is always trying to grow this sector because it is essential to the country’s food supply. Agriculture has been a part of our society for countless years.
After independence, we began to import food grains from other countries to meet our demands. But thanks to the green revolution, As we advanced independently, we began selling our surplus to other countries. Technological progress led to more sophisticated machinery, better irrigation systems, and improved farming practices. We can now grow more food because we have access to a broader variety of seeds, insecticides, and fertilizers.
Agriculture’s Negative Impact
- Agriculture has many positive effects on the economy and population, but it also has certain drawbacks.
- The first negative impact of agriculture is deforestation; the destruction of numerous forests happens to make way for agricultural land. The natural environment disturbs by drying out numerous small rivers and ponds for irrigation.
- Modern agriculture commonly uses machinery, fertilizers, pesticides, and other inputs to increase yields and reduce expenses. But changes have also led to new problems like soil erosion, water scarcity, and biodiversity loss.
- The majority of chemical pesticides and fertilizers also have an impact on nearby water bodies and nearby land.
Agriculture is an important and dynamic economic sector vital to human society. With an expanding global population and rising consumer demand for food and other goods, agriculture’s importance will only increase.
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