Introduction to Data Virtualization
Data Virtualization provides a platform to manage heterogeneous data sources, without having to know the format how it is stored and the location where it is stored, by virtually combining all the relevant data into meaningful insight, without copying or moving the data and present it to users in real-time in the way it is required.
This model replaces the Extract/Transform/Load layer (ETL) of the Data warehousing process, does not have a storage layer, and provide only the relevant data to the users from any of the sources it virtually combines thus meeting security standards/ Governance requirements fully.
In the virtualization landscape, the multiple data sources like a traditional database, data warehouse, data lakes, data marts are allowed to function as it is and the data remains stored in one place and consumed by users through the virtualization layer thus achieving single source of truth policy in the organization.
In this article let’s study how virtualization works and its applications/uses.
How does Data Virtualization work?
Data virtualization acts as an interface between several data sources an Organization has and the users by integrating them virtually. The functionalities can be explained in five steps and they are
Data Abstraction layer
- The complexity of data like the protocols, format, dependencies, and location is hidden from the users.
- Provides a single virtual view of all the connected data sources
- Access is provided to data in any source as per the authentication policy
Nil replication Nil relocation
- No physical storage with nil data
- Data is extracted only when demanded and any Dynamic requirements of the users are met
- In the absence of time-consuming of the ETL process, Overall development time is
Information in real-time
- Logical views are created for the data present in all the
- Data is made available to the users in real-time using the logical views
- Transformation of data and required quality checks happen flexibly without any latency and
Data services in self-service mode
- Allows users to connect all the internal and external data by themselves thru virtual
- Enables users to configure their own data model as per business models
- Connects any type of data and provides access to all the data present in the IT landscape
Security and Governance
- Data access is provided only to authenticated
- Security and governance procedures fully followed for cloud and on-premises access
- Manages metadata of multiple data points and provides clear visibility of data
Applications of Data Virtualization
Data Virtualization is a modern asset to any organization as it is capable of handling growing challenges in data management like Caching, Query pushdown, data catalog, and pain points in handling multiple data sources. Its applications include
Logical Data Warehouse
Data Virtualization provides a perfect framework for this warehouse. Conventional data sources as well as data sources of big data like Hadoop, data lakes, NoSQL database are logically connected through this virtualization route and a logical data warehouse is built. In this logical structure, any query by users is viewed as a query on a single database. Multiple protocols like ODBC, JDBC, REST, and APIs are used to exchange data from input sources.
Big data Analytics
Data Virtualization facilitates connections to NoSQL databases, Hadoop, and data lakes of big data platforms along with conventional data sources and creation of logical views and use modern visual analytics and Business intelligence tools to get business insights. It takes minimal time and effort in setting this application as it does not involve any database creation and data migrations.
This platform simplifies the ways and means of accessing the data from varieties of data sources irrespective of its complexities and unique characteristics. Logical views are created for data sources individually and merged into an integrated framework and presented in such a way to make it appear to the users as all the data are flowing from a single database. Data transformations, massaging, Joins, and filters are factored in the logical view creation.
Data virtualization techniques are extensively deployed in data services applications where data is culled out from multiple sources and presented to users.
This tool helps in building a robust inventory of existing data assets as a data catalog for an organization without having to migrate them to a new platform. This catalog allows faster data access for Business team, data analysts, data scientist team with very little technical details of the data and accelerates business decisions.
- Data Virtualization plays a key role in building a state of art IT landscape in an
- This platform offers abundant flexibility and delivers results in the shortest possible time. It enhances time to market appreciably.
- It provides agility to the business to thrive and take on their competitors
- Users are agnostic to the complexity in the back end data sources and its interfaces
- Highly scalable and connection to any new data sources can be added on the fly without any disruption in
- Data Sources in cloud and API services can be easily integrated into this platform
- These platforms are easy to maintain due to its simple design
- The reduced total cost of ownership (TCO).
- Plenty of self-service options to the users in the information recovery journey
- Eliminates data errors as the data is stored once used in many places
- Adds minimal load to the system as the data is accessed only from its source
- Faster access to data in real-time
- Little development effort and reduced time to implement
- No major storage space is required
- Enhanced Security and highly Governance complaint
- Indiscreet queries by users or wrongly tuned query may impact the performance of this platform
- Managing change is a laborious process in a federated environment as the likely impact had to be factored before incorporating any
- This platform is a high potential single point of failure. One needs to build a strong backup for
- Any use cases involving Batch processing can result in major conflicts within
- Resources allocation among the data sources can run into rough weather and cause
- It is not an ideal platform to store historic snapshots and data warehouse is good
Around 10 vendors offer data virtualization platforms and some of the big players in this list are IBM, Oracle, Red hat, Tibco, Informatica, and Denodo. The selection should be based on the application that is going to consume the data, performance level required and security requirements.
This is a guide to Data Virtualization. Here we discuss How does Data Virtualization works and uses along with the Advantages and Disadvantages. You may also have a look at the following articles to learn more –