Introduction to Create Tables in HTML
The table is one of the most useful constructs. Tables are all over the web application. The main use of table is that they are used to structure the pieces of information and to structure the information on the web page. An HTML table is a table-based page layout. Tables should not be used as layout aids. In this article, we will discuss Create Tables in HTML.
- The <table> tag is used to create a table.
- In HTML a table is considered as a group of rows containing each a group of cells.
- There can be many columns in a row.
- HTML tables should be used for tabular data only but they are also used for creating layout web pages.
- If we build HTML tables without any styles or attributes in browser it will be displayed without any border.
- Table tag : <TABLE> </TABLE>
- The content which we write between these tags will be displayed within the table.
Tags Used in HTML
Below are some of the tags used in the table.
1. <tr> Tag
- The <tr> tag is used to define a row in the HTML table.
- we will start the row with the beginning by <TR> row tag and then build the row by creating each cell and when we finish all the cells for a row we will then close the row with the ending row tag </TR>.
- Row tag : <TR> </TR>
2. <td> Tag
- The <td> tag is used to define the data for the cell in the HTML table.
- We will create each cell with the beginning cell tag <TD> and then add the content or data to the cell and then close the cell with the ending cell tag </TD>.
- Cell tag : <TD> </TD>
3. <th> Tag
- The <th> tag is used to define the header cell in an HTML table.
- The header cell in the table is used to provide information for the remaining cells of the column.
- Header tag : <TH> </TH>
- Usually it is placed in the top of the cells.
4. <bgcolor> Tag
- The <bgcolor> tag is used to specify the background color of the table.
<table bgcolor = “color_name|hex_number|rgb_number”>
- For color name we can directly provide the color name for the background. For example, we can specify <table bgcolor =”Red”>
- For hex_number we have to specify the hexadecimal code for the background. For example <table bgcolor = “#0000ff”>
- For rgb_number we have to specify the rgb (Red, Green, Blue) code for the background. For example <table bgcolor = “rgb(255,255,0)”>
- In the rgb_number if we provide all the values as 255,output of the background color is white.
5. <caption> Tag
- The <caption> tag is used to provide the caption to the table.
- It is placed or used immediately after the <table> tag.
- By default, the table caption will be center-aligned above the table.
- Caption tag : <caption> </caption>
6. Cell Spanning
- Spanning is nothing but combining two or more adjacent cells in the table.
- It consists of col span and row span.
- Col span: The col span attribute specifies the number of columns a table cell should span.
- <td col span = “number”>
- It always takes an integer value.
- Row span: The row span attribute specifies the number of rows a table cell should span.
- <td row span = “number”>
- It always takes an integer value.
7. <thead> Tag
- The <thead> defines a set of rows defining the head of the columns of the table.
8. <tbody> Tag
- The <tbody> tag is used to group the body content in the HTML table.
- Tables can contain more than one body in some tables in the other case the table can contain only one body, in those cases, the <tbody> can be removed.
- Tables with one body will have an implicit body.
9. <tfoot> Tag
- The <tfoot> tag contains rows that represent a footer or summary.
10. <colgroup> Tag
- The columns of the table can be grouped together with the <colgroup> element.
- Each <colgroup> element declared in the block will define a group with the help of the span attribute, which will indicate the number of columns that will belong to the group.
- It is useful for applying styles for the entire columns instead of repeating for each row or cell.
Examples of HTML Tags
Following are the different examples:
- In this example, we have created a table with three rows. As we can observe from the output that it doesn’t contain any border. So whenever we create a table without CSS or not using any styles it will display output without border.
- In this example, we can see that we have got a border to our output by giving the border property in the style section and by using it in a table tag.
2. <tr> Tag and <td> Tag
<tr><td>........ </td> </tr>
- In this example we simply created two rows with <tr> tag and data is entered by using <td> tag.
3. <th> Tag
- In this example, we can observe the first name and last name are in bold compared to others because they are declared as headers of the cells by using <th> tag.
table bgcolor = “color_name|hex_number|rgb_number”>
- In this example, we have added a caption to the table as student details by using caption tag.
6. Col Span and Row Span
Syntax for Col Span:
<td col span = “number”>
Syntax for Row Span:
<td row span = “number”>
Example for Col Span:
Example for Row Span:
Conclusion – Create Tables in HTML
In HTML by using <table> tag we can create multiple tables and even we can group the rows and columns. We can even make more styling of the tables by using CSS.
This is a guide to Create Tables in HTML. Here we discuss how to create a Table in HTML with examples and how to use HTML Tags. You can also go through our other suggested articles–