Updated May 25, 2023
About Bunker Hill Monument
The Bunker Hill Monument is a granite obelisk located in Charlestown, Massachusetts. This monument honors the Battle of Bunker Hill, one of the first great battles of the American Revolutionary War. The memorial, which stands 221 feet (67 m) tall, was designed by architect Gridley Bryant and was constructed between 1825 and 1843. It is the oldest war monument in the United States. The Bunker Hill Monument was the site of the first official 4th of July ceremony in 1783, which featured a 13-gun salute and the reading of the Declaration of Independence. The monument is also a popular tourist attraction open to the public.
Breed’s Hill is a historic site in the Charlestown neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts. It is most famous as the site of the Battle of Bunker Hill in 1775. During the American Revolution, American forces built fortifications on the Hill before the battle, giving the Hill its name. The Hill is now part of the Bunker Hill Monument National Park and is open to visitors.
The inscriptions on the Bunker Hill Monuments include the following:
On the bunker hill monument is the marker:
“This 221-foot granite monument, dedicated in 1843, commemorates the first major battle of the American Revolution.”
On the original dedication plaque, it said:
“Erected A.D. 1794 by King Solomon’s Lodge of Free Masons constituted at Charlestown 1783 in Memory of Major General Joseph Warren and his associates who were slain on this memorable spot June 17, 1775. Re-dedicated June 17, 1994.”
History of Bunker Hill Monument
The Bunker Hill Monument is a memorial to the Battle of Bunker Hill in Charlestown, Massachusetts, the first great battle of the American Revolutionary War. Workers completed The granite obelisk in 1842. The obelisk is on Breed’s Hill, the site of the battle. The monument stands 221 feet (67 m) tall and is the world’s oldest large-scale granite monument.
Boston architect Solomon Willard designed the monument. Bunker Hill Monument Association, a private organization, founded in 1823, funded the Construction. Construction began in 1827, with the monument dedication on June 17, 1843.
The Bunker Hill Monument Association also commissioned a painting of the battle by artist Ralph Earl, which hangs in the U.S. Capitol rotunda. The association also established a museum and library in Charlestown devoted to the history of the battle and the lives of those who fought there.
The monument remains an important symbol of American independence and a popular tourist attraction. It sees frequent visits by school groups and is the site of annual patriotic events and reenactments of the battle.
Construction of the monument began in 1825. It finished in 1843. It is 221 feet high, and the base comprises granite blocks weighing up to 48 tons each. The monument has a gilded eagle at the top. It is the oldest surviving monument dedicated to the Revolutionary War.
The monument’s design was by architect Solomon Willard and constructed by the firm of Hartshorn & Willard. The granite used to build the monument was quarried in Quincy, Massachusetts, and transported to the monument site by a combination of land and water. Workers used a combination of pulleys, rollers, and oxen to move the granite blocks into place. Once the blocks were in place, they were secured using a variety of lead and iron clamps.
The association dedicated the Bunker Hill Monument on June 17, 1843. President John Tyler attended the dedication ceremony. Daniel Webster gave a speech as well. It is now a National Historic Landmark and is open to the public.
It is an important historical landmark and a testament to the courage and determination of the American people. Citizens can’t overstate its importance to the nation’s history. And it serves as a reminder of the sacrifices made by those who fought for our independence. It is also a symbol of the unyielding spirit of the American people. It is worth visiting for any history lover or patriot.
We hope that this EDUCBA information on the “Bunker Hill Monument” was beneficial to you. You can view EDUCBA’s recommended articles for more information,