Updated March 21, 2023
Difference Between Spring Boot vs Spring MVC
Two of the key elements of the spring framework, Spring Boot and Spring MVC, is thought of as features that can be used interchangeably but looking at it from a deeper perspective, we would find a lot of dissimilarities between them. First, let us start talking about what Spring Boot and Spring MVC is and then look into a few terminologies attached to them and finally look at the differences between them. Spring Boot is a framework to build just any spring-based application. And Spring MVC is a framework that is widely used to develop web applications by providing a unique solution of model-view-control using DispatcherServlet. In this topic, we are going to learn about Spring Boot vs Spring MVC.
- MVC: It is a type of architectural pattern where 3 components come together to accomplish the task of web development. The model component is all the data related components the user works with. The view component looks into the user interface logic of the application. And finally, the control component bridges the path between Model and view components.
- Boilerplate configurations: The part of code that is reused most of the time in code with little or no alteration is known as boilerplate.
- Bootstrapping: A self-sufficient process that can proceed without external input is known as Bootstrapping.
What does it mean in a simplified term?
Before we look into the comparison table, let us understand what these two terms mean in the simplified term. Understanding these will allow readers to get an intuition of what they are and ultimately help in grasping.
Let us take an analogy of house building. Spring MVC is like one building the house with raw materials that need to be carefully assembled so that the house is built in a strong fashion and doesn’t collapse. Whereas Spring Boot is like having the structure of the house pre-built like pillars, iron rods embedded in cement, etc., one can just focus on the house design and use this pre-built framework to complete the house.
In a single statement, Spring MVC needs to ensure that all dependencies are perfectly fitting along with business logic, whereas Spring Boot is like having all dependencies in place, and one needs to just focus on the business logic.
Head to Head Comparison Between Spring Boot vs Spring MVC (Infographics)
Below are the top 6 differences between Spring Boot and Spring MVC.
Key Differences Between Spring Boot vs Spring MVC
Below are the major key differences between Spring Boot and Spring MVC.
- Spring Boot and Spring MVC’s key difference is in the type of problem set; each one is trying to solve. Spring Boot caters to a wide variety of application development, whereas Spring MVC was built with an intent to build dynamic web pages and API or RESTful Webservices.
- Spring MVC is a methodology in which one uses the intuition of decoupling ways or loosely coupled architecture of developing web solutions and implement web applications with MVC architectural design patterns.
- Spring Boot has the capability of embedding http serves like Jetty, Tomcat and can be wrapped with a package for creating war files for execution.
- In using Spring MVC, since it has the capability of loosely coupling different aspects like input logic, output logic, and UI, it can be used as an advantage of having greater flexibility while developing applications.
- The dependency management in Spring Boot is automatic. If we are calling one dependency, then internally, all the dependencies are tied for a smooth run of the executable file. Whereas in Spring MVC, we would need to couple all other dependencies and their version manually to get the desired result.
- Spring Boot runs on the intuition of “convention over configuration”. As a result of this intuition, we are able to get rid of a lot of unnecessary configuration.
Spring Boot vs Spring MVC Comparison Table
Let’s discuss the top difference between Spring Boot and Spring MVC.
|Boiler Plate code
|In Spring Boot, the intuition is to avoid boilerplate code. All the dependencies are wrapped in a single unit, and one need not focus on dependency while delivering the product.
|One can’t take advantage of the boilerplate concept, and every dependency needs to be specified separately in order for the product or feature to run.
|Packaging in the form of JAR
|In the case of packaging in the form of JAR, one can include the embedded server in order for the feature to run stand-alone.
|A lot of manual configuration goes into the feature to attain the same level of packaging.
|Since all the dependency related items are taken care of, the development time is greatly reduced.
|One needs to make sure all the dependency matches their version in a coupling situation, which might lead to more development time.
|The level of productivity will increase as not much time is spent in determining the dependencies and their versions.
|The level of productivity would decrease as a considerable amount of time is invested in understanding the dependency addition.
|Spring Boot internally uses Spring MVC.
|Spring MVC stands on its own.
|Spring Boot has other technologies one can use to build different other applications.
|Spring MVC is designed only for the development of dynamic webpages and RESTful web services.
As evident from the entire article, we don’t really have an apple to apple comparison in comparing Spring Boot and Spring MVC, but still, these two terminologies are still used interchangeably in the software world. Due to the nature of software development in current days, we have container-based deployments in huge demand and going forward; we would need to have Spring Boot playing the game of autoconfiguration is container-based deployment so that one can focus on the business logic and not waste time in figuring out the dependencies clashes. One common thing that might create confusion is the use of annotation to develop an application in both types of technology. But as a software developer, be wary about the niche differences so that one can use the right technology in the right space.
This is a guide to Spring Boot vs Spring MVC. Here we discuss the Spring Boot vs Spring MVC key differences with infographics and comparison table in detail. You may also have a look at the following articles to learn more –