Introduction To SharePoint Interview Questions And Answers
SharePoint provides a protractible platform that has a dimension of products that provide a business solution to organizations as per various needs. SharePoint is useful for creating websites. SharePoint helps in bringing important information at one place from different data sources. SharePoint helps to communicate network and make sure it collaborate with different people.
So if you have finally found your dream job in SharePoint but are wondering how to crack the interview and what could be the probable 2020 SharePoint Interview Questions. Every interview is different and the scope of a job is different too. Keeping this in mind we have designed the most common SharePoint Interview Questions and answers to help you get success in your interview.
Here are the top ten most asked 2020 SharePoint Interview Questions And Answers. These top interview questions are divided into two parts are as follows:
Part 1 – SharePoint Interview Questions And Answers (Basic)
This first part covers basic Interview Questions and Answers.
1. What are the important features of SharePoint?
Whenever a new version of SharePoint is launched new features are added to it. These features act as a proper base for Content Management, Business Process Management, and Web Publishing. The tools are as below:
- SharePoint Sites is useful for creating websites.
- Insights act as a tool which brings all information together from different data sources.
- SharePoint Communicates helps in networking and collaborating with different people.
- Search helps in providing efficient and quick information and the contents of an enterprise.
- Contents act as a perfect Content Management System.
- Lastly, Composition assists in using different tools and capabilities together.
2. What is the latest version of SharePoint and explain its main features in brief?
The latest version of SharePoint is SharePoint 2013. The main features of it are that it has improved performance, it provides new features for Business Connectivity Services (BCS), it supports Cross-Site publishing and an improved and better search with precise results. Also, they have made changes in the workflow architecture. It also provides a Design Manager which helps in publishing sites. SharePoint 2013 also provides office web app servers and have newly added social networking features. As everything is on mobile devices these days, they enable the user with an optimized user interface for mobile devices. It also has shredded BLOBs for storage. There were some issues in an older version that were having performance issues but now have been improved like distributed Cache service, minimal download strategy, and shredded storage.
3. Explain the terms: Site template, Site definition, and ONET.xml.
The site template helps in providing a basic template and layout of a new site that is to be created in SharePoint. The design information contains information about a site which includes:
- List which is to be a part of the site
- Site content like document libraries
- The themes and borders which is to be used on the site
- Web part pages which will be used in the site
In addition to it, it allows other applications of SharePoint to be instantiated whenever required.
The site definition mainly is a collection of XML or ASPX files that has all information about necessary components. It mainly has three files- webTemp.XML, onet.XML, default.aspx. Site definition also has information about web files, libraries, features and navigation bars to be included with the site which is packaged in SharePoint.
ONET.xml specifies all components that will be present on the site. It is the most important part of the site definition. This file can be found at: %SharePoint Root% \TEMPLATE\SiteTemplates\XML\Onet.xml
4. What do you understand by WSP?
Web Solution Package is a file that contains assemblies, resource files, features, images, application pages, site definitions, etc. into a single file. Whenever a new upgrade or any customizations are to be made in SharePoint all the above-listed items are to be deployed. It is a tough task to deploy all of these to development, staging, QA, and production. This brings a need for the tool that we have WSP.
5. What are safe controls, and what type of information, is placed in that element in a SharePoint web.config file?
When a user chooses to deploy a web part to SharePoint, it is necessary to have a safety control to it which is present in the web.config file. The entries that are made in safe control elements are taken by SharePoint Handler object and they are loaded in the environment properly. The file, in general, contains assembly name, namespace, public key token numeric, type name and safe declaration. The items that are not loaded in the environment properly will throw an error.
Part 2 – SharePoint Interview Questions And Answers (Advanced)
Let us now have a look at the advanced Interview Questions.
6. What are SPSite and SPWeb? Explain the difference between them.
SPSite is a site collection and is represented in an object model. It is the object where we start working with a server object model. It is most frequently used in SharePoint application development.
SPWeb, on the other hand, is a site under site collection in SharePoint. It is referred to as the SPWeb class in the server object model. SPWeb represents an instance in SharePoint Web and contains actual content. SPSite consists of subsites and information regarding those.
7. What is CAML?
CAML is an abbreviation for Collaborative Application Markup Language. It is like XML. A markup language that assists in providing constructs that build fields, view and is used for creating table definition when the site is going for provisioning in SharePoint. It is responsible for splitting data and creating a resulting HTML that acts as an output to SharePoint. It can be used in various situations and mostly to query, build and customize SharePoint based sites. In general, it is used to build a CAML query in WebPart with an objective to retrieve values from the SharePoint list.
8. What is GAC in SharePoint?
The Global Assembly Cache contains assembly code or machine code which is used to run a program. It gives custom binaries place into full trust code groups. The binaries are deployed to be used between the sender and the receiver. After signing, the binary will have a public key identifier for itself so that it can be used by the sender and receiver. GAC can be used with .NET assemblies cache for the command line platform.
9. Explain the concept of Content-type in SharePoint.
SharePoint has a facility of Contents, hence the Content-type is referred to as a reusable collection of settings and metadata to represent a particular content. For example, an employee content type may have a set of metadata like employee_id, employee_name, salary, etc. It helps organize the content in a more meaningful and organized way. It also supports the inheritance of all properties and appearances.
10. What is a Theme?
Themes are a tool to customize a site as per the user’s needs. It applies lightweight branding by changing the overall site layout, colors, background, headers, etc. The latest version has an expandable theming engine with many new facilities which makes customization easier. It provides the creation of os font schemes and color palettes. These user-specific themes can be added to the theme gallery and be saved.
This has been a guide to List Of SharePoint Interview Questions and Answers so that the candidate can crackdown these SharePoint Interview Questions easily. You may also look at the following articles to learn more –