Updated June 19, 2023
Introduction to SharePoint Interview Questions
SharePoint, a Microsoft product, is a web-based system for team collaboration that enables businesses to work together through workflow apps, “list” databases, and other web components and security features. It helps bring crucial data from several sources together in one location. SharePoint offers an extensible platform with a range of products that can be customized to meet the demands of organizations.
While every interview is unique and every position has a different scope, if you have finally discovered your dream job in SharePoint but are still determining how to ace the interview, EDUCBA can help you. We have designed the most common SharePoint Interview Questions and Answers to assist you in succeeding in your interview.
Here is a list of frequently asked questions and their corresponding answers on Sharepoint. These top interview questions are divided into two parts as follows:
Part 1 – SharePoint Interview Questions And Answers for Freshers
1. What are the essential features of SharePoint?
These features are a good base for Content Management, Business Process Management, and Web Publishing. The tools are as below:
- SharePoint Sites help store and organize data.
- Insights are a tool that brings all information together from different data sources.
- SharePoint Communicates in networking and collaborating with other people.
- Search helps provide efficient and quick communication and the contents of an enterprise.
- Sharepoint also manages content.
- Lastly, Composition assists in using various tools and capabilities together.
2. What is the latest version of SharePoint, and explain its main features in brief?
The latest version of SharePoint is SharePoint 2019. Its main features are that it has improved performance; it provides new features for Business Connectivity Services (BCS); it supports Cross-Site publishing and an improved and better search with precise results. Also, they have made changes in the workflow architecture. It also provides a Design Manager who helps with publishing sites. SharePoint 2019 also includes office web app servers and has newly added social networking features. It also has shredded BLOBs for storage. As everything is on mobile devices these days, they enable the user with an optimized user interface for mobile devices.
3. Explain the terms: Site template, Site definition, and ONET.xml.
The site template helps provide a basic template and layout for creating a new site in SharePoint. The design information contains information about an area which includes:
- List which is to be a part of the site
- Site content like document libraries
- The themes and borders on the site
- Web part pages that will be used in the site
In addition, it allows other applications of SharePoint to be instantiated whenever required.
The site definition is mainly a collection of XML or ASPX files with all necessary components. It mostly has three files- webTemp.XML, onet.XML, and default. aspx. ONET.xml specifies all components that will be present on the site. It is the most essential part of the site definition. This file can be found at: %SharePoint Root% \TEMPLATE\SiteTemplates\XML\Onet.xml
4. What do you understand about WSP?
A web Solution Package (WPS) is a file that contains assemblies, resource files, features, images, application pages, site definitions, etc., in a single file. All the above-listed items will be deployed whenever a new upgrade or any customizations are made in SharePoint. Deploying these to development, staging, QA, and production is challenging. Which creates a need for the WSP tool
5. What are safe controls, and what type of information is placed in that element in a SharePoint web? Config file?
When a user chooses to deploy a web part to SharePoint, it is necessary to have a safety control, which is present in the web—config file. The SharePoint Handler object correctly loads the entries made in safe control elements in the environment. The file generally contains an assembly name, namespace, public key token numeric, type name, and safe declaration. The items not loaded in the environment properly will throw an error.
Part 2 – SharePoint Interview Questions And Answers for Experience
1. What are SPSite and SPWeb? Please explain the difference between them.
SPSite is a site collection represented in an object model. It is the object where we start working with a server object model. SPWeb is a subsite Site collection in SharePoint. It is referred to as the SPWeb class in the server object model. SPWeb represents an instance in SharePoint Web and contains actual content.
2. What is CAML?
CAML is an abbreviation for Collaborative Application Markup Language. It is like XML. A markup language that assists in providing constructs that build fields, view, and create table definitions when the site is going for provisioning in SharePoint. It is responsible for splitting data and creating a resulting HTML that acts as an output to SharePoint.
3. What is GAC in SharePoint?
The Global Assembly Cache contains the assembly or machine code needed to run a program. It gives custom binaries placed into entire trust code groups. After signing, the binary will have a public key identifier so that the sender and receiver can use it. GAC can be used with .NET assemblies cache for the command line platform.
4. Explain the concept of Content-type in SharePoint.
SharePoint has a Contents facility; hence the Content-type is a reusable collection of settings and metadata to represent a particular content. For example, an employee content type may have a set of metadata like employee_id, employee_name, salary, etc. It helps organize the content in a more meaningful and organized way. It also supports the inheritance of all properties and appearances.
5. What is a Theme?
Themes are a tool to customize a site per the user’s needs. It applies lightweight branding by changing the site layout, colors, background, headers, etc. The latest version has an expandable theming engine with many new facilities, which makes customization easier. It provides the creation of os font schemes and color palettes.
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