Updated July 1, 2023
Introduction to Security Testing
Software testing consists security of software. It guarantees that the program is protected from all internal and external vulnerabilities. It examines the program for any potential flaws, bugs, or risks. During long-term use, the loopholes destabilize or crash the submission. The lack of resources and knowledge caused by an application crash is enormous. A company’s failure is never justified because of different reasons. Security tests aim to find any potential vulnerabilities and flaws in the software framework that may lead to a loss of data, revenues, or reputation at the hands of employees or outsiders. Let us discuss the Security Testing Types.
What is the Importance of Security Testing?
Security testing is also an important aspect of the software testing process. The testing procedure assists in the enhancement of stability and functionality. The aim of conducting Security Testing on any application is to ensure reliability and safety. It is important for those working in the software development industry to produce a quality product. Since it poses no security threats, a dependable application is necessary. The primary aim of security testing is to detect and quantify possible bugs in a system such that risks can be encountered and the system does not stop working or be exploited. It also aids in the detection of any potential security threats in the system, as well as assisting developers in the resolution of issues by coding.
Types of Security Testing
Any software should go through the testing process because it aids in the detection of security flaws. Various forms of security testing are utilized to assess different aspects of the software. The checking procedure varies by application.
The seven different forms of security testing are listed below. The Open Source Security Testing Methodology Manual matches the seven categories.
- Vulnerability Scanning
- Security Scanning
- Penetration Testing
- Risk Assessment
- Security Review or Security Auditing
- Ethical Hacking
- Posture Assessment
1. Vulnerability Scanning
Vulnerability Testing scan uses automated tools to scan the whole application. It detects loopholes by comparing weak signatures.
2. Security Scanning
Both applications and networks are scanned during the Security Scanning process. To identify risks, a manual or automatic scan is performed. The risks are then identified, defined, evaluated, and a solution is offered. It includes assessing network and device flaws and proposing ways to mitigate these threats. Scanning can be conducted in two ways: manually and automatically.
3. Penetration Testing
This form of testing simulates a malicious hacker’s attack. This testing involves evaluating a specific framework for new bugs in the event of an external hacking attempt. Penetration testing simulates a hacking attack from the outside. During a danger or capture, it is an attempt to predict possible downfalls. Penetration testing is a popular method of detecting loopholes. By raising a false alert in the application, you may expose system operation flaws.
4. Risk Assessment
Security testing is a subset of risk management. Based on the risk, risk assessment advises precautions and controls. There are three levels of risk: low, medium, and high.
5. Security Review or Security Auditing
Security auditing or security review is a method of security testing is a security audit or review. Security Audit accounts for any mistakes found while reviewing each line of code or specification.
6. Ethical Hacking
Ethical hacking is the polar opposite of penetration testing. Ethical hackers employ ethical hacking to identify and uncover security vulnerabilities, while automatic software may attempt to exploit devices. The aim is to infiltrate the app and attack it from the inside.
It involves breaking into an organization’s software programs. Unlike malicious hackers who steal for personal gain, the aim is to uncover device security vulnerabilities.
7. Posture Assessment
Posture Assessment combines ethical hacking, risk assessment, and security scanning. It gives a clear description of the security situation and to demonstrates an organization’s overall security posture.
Steps to Perform Security Testing for Software or an Application
These are basic Security Testing examples to make Security Testing transparent.
- Attempt to log into a program.
- Make a blunder with your password or username (If access is denied, the application is working fine in terms of authentication.)
- Log in to the web application with the correct password.
- Then Log out of the program.
- Return to the browser.
- If you can still log in, the application isn’t safe.
Aside from all of the forms of security testing listed above, an appreciation of the value of security testing has a stronger justification for advocating security testing as part of the standard software development process. There is no option regarding preserving confidential data and the fact that Security retains customers’ dignity, credibility, and trust. This article shows us what security testing is and its types.
We hope that this EDUCBA information on “Security Testing Types” was beneficial to you. You can view EDUCBA’s recommended articles for more information.