Difference Between Pension vs Annuity
Pension and Annuity are funding schemes or plans after retirement. There are many pension schemes available in the market and all they have the same aim to help you to save money and provide you an income when you are older. Let’s discuss Pension vs Annuity in detail.
A pension is nothing but the amount of money paid regularly to a person who has retired because of having reached a certain age. A pension fund generally maintains and created by an employer for employees. When an employee works employer contributes to the pension fund, and because of this, the employee need not worry about saving while working. There is no need to create an agreement contract with the employer if an employee has a pension employer will pay that at retirement. So it is a long-term saving plan in which a person receives tax relief on the money pay into the pension account.
An annuity is nothing but insurance products, and you will get it by signing a contract with the insurance company. In an Annuity, a customer has to purchase a contract for a certain amount of money which customers will fund through either lump sum amount or periodic payments. The insurance company invests this money in a mutual fund, stock, or bond to earn the income. The customer will get a regular payment from the annuity as per the agreement. It is a simple investing and income vehicle in which insurance companies invest annuity in the stock market.
Head to Head Comparison Between Pension vs Annuity (Infographics)
Below is the top 7 difference between Pension vs Annuity
Key Differences Between Pension vs Annuity
Both Pension vs Annuity are popular choices in the market; let us discuss some of the major Difference Between Pension vs Annuity.
- An annuity is a financial scheme that will pay a set amount of cash over a defined period of time whereas a pension is a retirement account that will pay cash after retirement from service.
- The pension amount is received only after retirement whereas to get the annuity amount person needs not wait until retirement.
- One of the key differences is that the pension amount will depend on the total amount that a person has earned during his career. In contrast, the annuity amount depends on the amount of money investing by a person over a year.
- Any person can purchase an annuity scheme from the insurance company. In contrast, a person cannot live by the pension; an employer offers it to employees as a part of an employee’s benefits.
- The person who avails pension is generally converted into a family pension after his demise whereas an annuity is paid to single life and joint account holder as per agreement.
- An annuity is commonly used in the financial market, whereas a pension fund is not commonly used in financial markets.
- The big advantage of an annuity is that person is the one who opens an annuity. In contrast, the pension account is open by an employer and not by an employee or person.
- In the pension account, less transparency as compared to the annuity scheme because a person does not handle the day-to-day maintenance of pension.
Pension vs Annuity Comparison Table
Let’s look at the top 7 Comparisons between Pension vs Annuity.
|The Basis of Comparison||Pension||Annuity|
|Meaning||It is a type of retirement account that is offered by companies to their employees. It is a funding scheme after retirement. It is an amount of money paid regularly to a person who has retired from work because of having reached a certain age.||It is an insurance product which an individual gets after signing a contract with an insurance company. It allows individuals to set aside a fund for later use. An individual purchases a contract for a certain amount which he will fund through either lump-sum payment or periodic payments.|
|Payment Amount||It is determined by the sum that one has earned during his service.||It is determined by the amount of investment made by individuals towards the Annuity scheme.|
|Financial Benefits||In a pension scheme, an individual will receive a financial benefit once they have retired from the service.||An annuity is also one of the types of the pension scheme, but there is no need person to get retired to avail of financial benefits.|
|Payment options||When a person cashes out a pension, a person has two options, one is to receive a monthly pension payment and the second one is to receive the pension as a lump sum payment.||In Annuity, a person will receive cash as mentioned in the contract or agreement.|
|Who offers?||An employer offers a pension to employees.||An annuity is sold or offered by the insurance company.|
|Leaving Legacy||In a pension, scheme an individual has an option to transfer pension funds to any other person he chooses after he died.||In Annuity, a person cannot transfer money to any one of family members unless he buys a joint or any such guaranteed product.|
|Types||Private Pension Funds and Public pension funds.||Single-Premium Immediate Annuity and Deferred Annuity, Variable Annuity, Fixed Annuities.|
So from the analysis, it is clear that both pension vs annuity is a common source of income, and both are beneficial to the person; however, there are several differences between annuity vs pension. A pension is a retirement account that is offered by the employer to an employee for the employer’s benefits, and an annuity is an insurance product which a person gets by purchasing a contract. An annuity is a financial asset that pays a set amount of cash over a period of time, and a pension is a benefit that a person avails after they have retired (after completing the age limit) from work.
The pension amount is calculated by the total money that one has earned during his career of work, and an employer invests that money. The annuity amount is calculated by the money invested by a person in the annuity account or scheme. The insurance company invests annuity money into the mutual fund, stock, and bond. The annuity has one of the potential disadvantages that it incurs additional fees and commission because the insurance company invests money in the stock market. Hence, they charge some fees for the maintenance of money.
This has been a guide to the top difference between Pension vs Annuity. Here we also discuss the Pension vs Annuity key differences with infographics and comparison table. You may also have a look at the following articles to learn more.