Updated May 26, 2023
About Fort Sumter
Charleston, South Carolina, has renowned for its magnificent antebellum architecture, vast plantations, and picturesque coastline. Charleston is also famous for its fascinating and rich history, dating back to the Civil War. These initial shots were fired many years ago at Fort Sumter, now a landmark. The US Congress ordered the construction of Fort Sumter, an artificial island, in 1829 to defend Charleston Harbor. Union soldiers have stationed at the Fort at the time. On April 12, 1861, Confederate troops started a fire in an attempt to secede and demanded that Union troops withdraw. The Union soldiers left the castle in submission after one day of fighting.
1861 Fort Sumter
- The Fort is on an artificial hill at Charleston Harbor’s entrance. In 1861, the Fort, named after Thomas Sumter, an American Revolutionary War commander, was still underway. The 196-acre historic landmark, Fort Moultrie National Monument, was established in 1948.
- Fort Sullivan, situated adjacent to Sullivan’s Island, was the scene of an American victory over the British on June 28, 1776, during the American Revolution. Fort Sullivan was later renamed Fort Moultrie as a tribute to William Moultrie, the senior soldier at the Fort during the conflict. There are graves for Osceola, a Seminole Indian chief.
- By the beginning of 1861, seven Southern states had left the Union. Learn how and why the Battle of Fort Sumter signified the beginning of the American Revolution.
- Only two forts survived under government control: Fort Pickens in Florida and Fort Sumter, both by American troops under Maj. Robert Anderson. Sumter had no strategic relevance to the Union because it needed more and had 60 guns pointing toward the ocean, but it gained significance as a representation of the country’s unity.
- Upon entering the inauguration in March, President Abraham Lincoln faced the Confederate demand to evacuate the Fort, as South Carolina’s other fortifications in the harbor area threatened it.
- Lincoln had compelled to choose between trying to resupply the Fort, suddenly in danger of starving to death, and abandoning it and accepting disunity. Before delivering supplies, the president arranged relief missions to both forts.
- Confederate officials requested the quick evacuation of Fort Sumter. When it denied, the South’s artillery began firing at 4:27 a.m. on April 12; after 34 hours of shelling, Anderson had forced to submit. Government forces fled Fort Sumter on April 14 to a gun salute, waving the American flag; on the engagement’s 50th round, an explosion occurred, resulting in the only fatality.
- The destruction of US property awoke and brought the North together. From July 1863 to Feb 1865, the Confederates guarding the Fort endured nearly nonstop bombing during the war. The actual Fort mainly had got reduced to ruins.
- It served as a lighthouse for some time following the Civil War. The army utilized it during World Wars I and II after reconstruction and repair work started in 1898. Fort Moultrie, as it stands today, was constructed in 1809. The monument safeguards the remains of the old Fort Sumter, which underwent remodeling and partial rebuilding. Unlike Fort Moultrie, Fort Sumter could only be accessed by water. The Charles Pinckney National Historical Monument on the mainland is a few kilometers to the northeast.
- It was in 1988 and now protects 28 acres of the 715-acre Snee Farm owned by American statesman Charles Pinckney. The exhibits’ main topics are the US Constitution’s framing by Pinckney and historical digs at original 18th-century buildings. Fort Sumter is still standing today and is a national landmark, drawing tourists worldwide.
Sumter and Moultrie National Historical Park
- In addition to serving as a symbol of the reconciled and united present now, the Fort Sumter National Monument also serves as an expression of the separated past.
- When in Charleston, Folks must see the Fort Sumter National Monument. The parkland and landmark can only be reached by boat because the Fort is on an island. The National Parks Service’s authorized concessioner, Fort Sumter Tours, offers thorough tours and ferry excursions across the island for a close-up look at the Fort. The time lasts just over two hours, including the 30-minute ferry voyage to the island.
- Visitors can explore the Fort and get a behind-the-scenes tour of the activities and the chance to tour the USS Yorktown. This US military cruiser served during WWII and learned about the events that led up to that momentous day at Fort Sumter.
- Tourists will learn in-depth details about the Civil War’s past and the Fort Sumter attack during the trip. They may learn about the past while taking the ferry, which is a great chance to see dolphins. Their queries will have answered, and this incredible period of history will be brought to life by a tourist guide and National Park Officers at the Fort. Prices and tour schedules are flexible. In addition, there is time after the tour to visit the gift store or bite at the food counter.