Essay on Environmental Pollution explains that Pollution, also known as environmental pollution, is the addition of any substance, whether it’s solid, liquid, or gas, or a form of energy (such as heat, sound, or radioactivity) to the environment at a rate greater than it disperses, dilutes, decomposes, recycles or stored in an innocuous form. Pollution can adversely affect the environment, flora, and fauna and often impacts human health and well-being.
Now that you know what environmental pollution is, let’s look at what causes it:
An imbalance occurs when the environment contains too many physical, chemical, or biological agents.
- Chemical Contaminants: Plastics, acids, solvents, pesticides, and petroleum derivatives.
- Physical Contaminants: Heat, electromagnetic energy, noise, and radioactivity.
- Biological Contaminants: Excrement, factory waste, and sewers decompose and ferment to produce them.
Different types of pollution have their reason their causes. But now the question arises what these different types of environmental pollution are?
1. Air Pollution
Any chemical, physical, or biological agent that alters the atmosphere’s natural characteristics consider air pollution.
- Burning of Fossil Fuel
- Combustion of Fuel (transportation)
- Microbial Activity in Sewage Water
- Burning of Tropical Forest
2. Water Pollution
The release of substances into water bodies that make the water unfit for human consumption and disrupt aquatic ecosystems is well-known as water pollution. Numerous contaminants, including petroleum, harmful microorganisms, and toxic waste, can pollute water.
- Sewage Discharge
- Oil Spills
- Phytosanitary Product (Pesticides)
3. Soil Contamination
The accumulation of solid or liquid waste materials on land or underground in a manner that has the potential to contaminate groundwater and soil, pose a threat to public health, and result in unsightly conditions and nuisances.
- Urban Waste
- Industrial Waste
- Underground storage Tank
4. Thermal Pollution
Thermal pollution is when industries or factories extract water from natural resources for various purposes and return the high-temperature water to those resources.
- Industrial Waste
- Coal-fired Power Plant
- Soil Erosion
Effect of Pollution
There are so many negative effects of environmental pollution.
1. Effect on Human
People are mostly affected physically by environmental pollution, but it can also cause neuro-affections over time. We are most familiar with respiratory issues like asthma, allergies, irritation of the eyes and nasal passages, and other respiratory infections. It has also shown that environmental pollution significantly contributes to cancer development.
2. Effect on Animals
Animals are primarily affected by environmental pollution because it harms their living conditions and makes them toxic. Acid rains can change the composition of rivers and seas, making them toxic to fish. Eventually, soil pollution will kill microorganisms, which can destroy the first layers of the primary food chain dramatically.
3. Effect on Plant
In terms of animals, acid rain can kill plants, particularly trees (which will also harm animals because it will change their natural environment), ozone in the lower atmosphere prevents plants from breathing, and harmful pollutants can absorb water or soil.
4. Effect on Ecosystem
Pollution of the environment, almost entirely caused by human activity, hurts the ecosystem, destroying essential layers and harming the ecosystem’s upper layers.
How to Resolve Environmental Pollution?
Our lives, planet, climate, and civilization’s future are at risk. Even though the idea of that thought can be overwhelming, you shouldn’t let yourself feel helpless because you don’t know where to start.
Here’s a list of things to do to prevent environmental pollution:
1. Replace Disposable with Reusable
If you use something and throw it away, it could be there for centuries. The following is a list of easy changes you can make to reduce the number of things you need to throw away daily.
- Bring your reusable cups or water bottle.
- Use rechargeable batteries and carry your utensils, napkin, and containers in a reusable lunch bag.
2. Conserve Water and Electricity
The suggestions listed below will appear straightforward; Having said that, it might take some time to become more aware of your unconscious and uncertain habits.
- While brushing your teeth, turn off the water in the sink.
- When possible, unplug devices; even if any appliance at home or other places turns off, it might still consume power.
One of the most effective methods for assisting in preserving natural resources, conserving habitats, reducing pollution, and slowing global warming is to incorporate recycling practices into your daily routine.
- Recycle plastic bottles.
- Separate non-recyclable and recyclable products from each other.
4. Transport Choice
Air pollution can be significantly reduced by choosing a less polluting mode of transportation. Even one can help in controlling noise pollution too. Here are a few ways to do so.
- Using eco-friendly vehicles like bicycles and e-bikes.
- Opting for CNG.
Conclusion – Essay on Environmental Pollution
All in all, Essay on Environmental pollution explains that Environmental pollution is degrading our lifestyle and affecting everything worldwide. The types mentioned above are only a few types of environmental pollution, but to one’s disbelief, there are more than one can count on their fingers. Moving toward a developed technological world, you should remember your values and duty towards the environment for the future or our present.