Definition of Tax Exempt
The term tax-exempt refers to those incomes or transactions that are exempted from the levy of state, local, or federal taxes. Governments may sometimes provide relief from taxation on certain items and the taxpayer is not required to pay any tax on such items; such items are known as tax-exempt. Further, certain organizations or businesses may also be having the status of “tax-exempt” which would mean that they are not liable for paying taxes subject to certain conditions.
Tax-exempt is a status given to certain persons or organizations to exclude certain income from the taxes levied by federal or state governments. If any item of income is declared as tax-exempt by the government, then the taxpayer is relieved from the obligation to pay tax on such an income. Such tax-exempt incomes are not relevant for tax calculations and are reported in the tax returns only for informational purposes. The tax exemption may either be full without any limit or it may be available only up to a certain limit beyond which the taxes might apply.
Apart from declaring certain items as tax-exempt, the IRS may also accord the status of “tax-exempt” to certain organizations such as charitable organizations, the result of which is that these organizations are exempt from federal income taxes provided they meet certain requirements as may be prescribed.
Examples of Tax Exempt
Let us have a look at a few examples of tax-exempt items.
- Health Savings Account: Distributions made from a health savings account are tax-exempt if the proceeds are utilized for qualified expenses only.
- Cash Gifts: The cash gifts made within the threshold of $15,000 per person are tax-exempt in the hands of the giver. If a person makes a gift in excess of $15,000 per person, then such a giver becomes liable for gift tax.
- Inheritances: The inheritances received to an individual person is tax-exempt up to the limit of $11.58 million. Any amount received in excess shall attract a tax levy.
- Interest on Municipal Bonds: Interest earned on municipal bonds is tax-exempt on a federal level. The interest is tax-exempt on a state or local level also if the taxpayer resides in the same state in which the bonds are issued.
- Life Insurance Proceeds: The amounts received to the nominee as the life insurance proceeds are tax-exempt subject to certain exceptions.
Interest earned on municipal bonds is one of the most common tax-exempt incomes. Municipal bonds are the bonds that are issued by states to arrange capital for special projects and ventures such as the construction of schools, bridges, etc. The interest income earned by an investor from the municipal bonds issued in the state of residence of the investor becomes exempt from both federal as well as state taxes. This means that the investor doesn’t need to pay tax on such interest income and the post-tax returns remain the same as the pre-tax returns.
Importance of Tax Exempt
The importance of any transaction being tax-exempt is that no tax is levied on such a transaction either by the state government or federal government or both. Tax exemptions are provided by the governments either without any conditions or thresholds or sometimes with conditions or thresholds. When these conditions and thresholds are complied with, the taxpayer would not be required to pay tax on the tax-exempt transactions.
Even though any income is tax-exempt it would still be required to be reported in the tax return of the taxpayer. This means that although the amount of tax-exempt income doesn’t form part of tax calculations, still it has to be reported as an exempt item in the tax returns of the taxpayers for transparency and fair reporting.
Advantages of Tax-Exempt
Earning a tax-exempt income or having a tax-exempt status offers the following benefits:
- In the case of investments, the post-tax returns are improved since no levy of tax is imposed.
- The savings of the taxpayers increase and they are left with more disposable incomes.
- The tax burden on the taxpayers is reduced and it encourages them not to hide their incomes or understate them.
- Giving the status of tax-exempt to organizations such as charitable organizations is good from a socio-economic aspect since they are doing the general welfare of the society.
Disadvantages of Tax Exempt
Allowing tax-exempt status to incomes or organizations has some disadvantages as below:
- Tax-exempt income is still required to be reported in tax returns. In case a taxpayer is only earning tax-exempt incomes, it may become unnecessary compliance to file the tax return only for tax-exempt income.
- Sometimes, tax-exemption is granted only upon the fulfillment of certain conditions. It may happen that the costs involved in the fulfillment of such conditions are high.
- The government loses on its share of revenue which it could have earned had the tax exemption not been given.
- Some taxpayers may take the benefit of exemption even when the conditions attached to it are not met.
You must not forget to report tax-exempt income in your tax returns even if you don’t have any other income in your tax returns. Further, when you are claiming any tax exemption, make sure that you fulfill all the conditions attached to it, otherwise, you might land in trouble later.
This is a guide to Tax Exempt. Here we also discuss the definition and examples of tax exempt along with advantages and disadvantages. You may also have a look at the following articles to learn more –