Meaning of Scope Management Accounting
Scope management accounting is the mechanism or the process of analyzing or using the accounting practices to fetch and prepare various internal reports to be represented in front of business management. Nowadays, accounting is being used as an important business analytics tool and with the help of the accounting information, the data is represented in a different format to different users.
Management accounting comprises of techniques, tools, and concepts for effective business planning and best business outcomes. Accounting is broadly classified as management accounting and financial accounting. As already mentioned management accounting is the implementation of accounting skills and professional knowledge for the analysis of business and to help the management in making decisions.
On the other hand financial accounting is the accounting information related to the financial strata of the organization and the information is mostly used by the business stakeholders and the regulators.
Categories of Scope Management Accounting
Scope management accounting is broad and divided into many categories including:
- Cost accounting
- Financial accounting
- Budget and forecast
- Interpretation of data
- Financial management
- Management reporting
- Financial statement analysis
- Inflation accounting
Let us try to understand the different scope of management accounting in detail:
1. Cost Accounting
Cost accounting is the most important accounting technique or it is also considered as the pedestal factor in management accounting as it provides cost analysis tools for a business like the marginal cost, operational cost, inventory costing, budget control, etc. which is required by the business management for drafting and outlining the business needs.
Cost accounting helps to determine the overall budget for any business and also provides different was to estimate and calculate the overall cost of providing the service to the customer. Cost accounting is extremely helpful to the business analyst or the business executives as any activity of the business depends on the cost involved.
2. Financial Accounting
Financial accounting and cost-accounting are two different things. Cost accounting as mentioned in the calculation and analysis of the overall cost of the business process whereas in financial accounting the calculation and analysis of the business transaction are related to expenses, inventory, assets, accountabilities, etc. Financial statements play an important role in financial accounting and they are prepared regularly at the end of every financial year. Financial statements include the balance sheet of the company and total profit or loss earned by the business or the company in the current financial year.
Financial accounting is very important for the financial forecasting of the organization as it gives the overall financial information incurred during the current fiscal year. Financial accounting is also important in terms that it helps the management to operate effectively and to implement coordination among the business processes to execute business planning.
3. Budget and Forecast
Budgeting and forecasting are also included under the scope of management accounting which comprises of budget control and business forecasting trends. The budget control system is based on a financial basis and the performance of the business. Budget control helps to identify and analyze the reasons and weak areas that tend to slow down the coordination and degrade the business performance.
Business forecasting is one of the important functions of management accounting as it gives the vision of the business from the stakeholder’s point of view. Business budget and forecasting define the goals and future plans of the business and the possible set of outcomes due to the actions performed which helps to prepare the business for any circumstances.
4. Interpretation of Data
The interpretation of data is defined as the translation of business data into facts and figures which can be easily understood by the business management. The work interpretation is as important as financial statements for the business as it helps to avoid any wrong conclusion about the business data. If the data is not understood and interpreted correctly it can lead to disaster for a business in the market. The data for the current year is interpreted and also compared with the previous data for understanding the growth of the business.
5. Financial Management
Financial management is the management and planning of the financial resources of the business. Raising funds and using the funds wisely is very important for effective financial management in the business. The objective of considering financial management as scope management accounting is to maximize the business profit by using the fund efficiently. Finance was and finance is the most important aspect of any business which flows like blood and without efficient financial management, a business cannot run.
6. Reporting/Management Reporting
Reporting is crucial for any business management. Fetching reports timely is extremely important to the management of business growth and resources. The timely report helps the management in effective decision making and keeps the management ware of the operations going on. The data and reports are present to the management in the form of graphs, charts, and presentations which are easy to understand.
The reports are fetched weekly, monthly, quarterly and yearly as per the business requirement and these reports are extremely helpful while reviewing the business data.
7. Inflation Accounting
Inflation analysis is very important in business and it is defined as the rapid change in the financial results during the changes in the market prices. Inflation accounting constitutes inflation analysis tools which help to identify the causes which result in inflation and helps to eradicate them for better performance.
8. Financial Statement Analysis
As already mentioned in the financial accounting that the financial statements are prepared at the end of every financial year to study and analyze the financial growth of the business. The financial statements give insights into the business and help the business to grow by interpretations and conclusions drawn from the financial statements.
Thus it can be concluded that the scope management accounting analyses the business data and interprets it effectively into understandable form effective business planning and decision making so that the profit can be maximized and resources can be fully utilized.
This has been a guide to Scope Management Accounting. Here we discuss the Concept and different Categories of Scope Management Accounting. You can also go through our other suggested articles to learn more –