Updated July 6, 2023
Introduction to Relational Database Model
The Relational Database Model is managed and accessed by a software called a relational database management system. The model is comprised of rows and columns that use SQL as a query language for maintaining and querying the databases. The model arranges the data into tables with respect to rows and columns with a distinct key to find every row. Rows are defined as tuples or records. Columns are meant as attributes. Usually, each relation or table describes a single type of entity like a product or customer. If the table describes the product, the row holds the name of the product and the column holds the behavior or description of the product.
Why do we need a Relational Database Model?
Database Management System is software that permits the user to create, define, manage and control the functions of the database. For better understanding, the Relational database model is used as an extension of the database lying under the relational values. The RDBMS is entirely based on the relational model broadly deployed in many applications. It is a common choice for information storage in a database especially in maintaining financial records, logistics data, manufacturing products, personnel data, and so on. It replaced the legacy of hierarchical databases and network databases because of its simple implementation and administration features. Initially, RDBMS faced many failures but after many advancements such as horizontal scaling of clusters and NoSQL database, it became a popular hit and applied in many reliable applications.
What is the Concept of Relational Database?
The relation of any object is defined as an array of definite elements called as tuples grouped by having similar attributes. A tuple generally denotes a piece of information and description about the object. In other terms, the tuple is described as unique so no duplication of data is found. Mostly Objects will be physical items or individual concept advancements that use functions such as select to find the tuples. To find attributes, it executes project command, and to combine any relations it uses the join command.
The relation between databases can be altered using insert, update, and delete operators. Newly built tuples can give explicit values or be extracted from a query, in turn, queries can also identify tuples for deleting or updating the values. If any tuples comprise a primary key, it is not mandatory to define it as unique since the attribute of a tuple is unique and comprises of a super key. The foreign key is used to match the primary column in the table and mostly used in cross-reference relations.
The domain explains the set of probable values for a given attribute and can be restricted to the values of the attribute. A constraint is a term that makes it possible to limit the domain of an attribute. It mostly uses Boolean values to represent if the data satisfies the constraints or not. It is mostly deployed in business policies in the database based on the subsequent use of data in the application layer.
It is also used to stop the data that is already stored in relational tables. The index is another method to provide rapid access to the database. It is created based on the combination of relational or attributes. By using the index, queries that filter the attributes and identify the matching tuples are highly possible without any individual checks. Normalization is used to prevent loss of data integrity and manipulation abnormalities.
Why should we use this Model?
The data is arranged in rows and columns and provides easy access to users for updating and modifying the data. The execution of queries and simple commands is easy to understand. It acts as a user-friendly application. It gives a natural structure and unique organization of data and data is searched and found in any rows and columns by using matching entries.
It enables multiple database users to manage a database at the same time. In-built locking and functionality of transactional management enable the user to manage the data without change and also prevent traffic between the users in updating the data and separates the user by giving their own privacy in updating and accessing the table.
Privilege control attributes and authentication and authorization in the relational database model enable the DB admin to limit access to authorized users and offer privileges to individual employees depending on the type of task to be performed. Authorization is described on the combination of remote client IP address along with user authorization and limiting the access to external interruptions and third party login.
The relational database model gives access to the database by server daemon which is a special software program to listen for requests on a network and enables database clients to link and access the database. Admin doesn’t require any physical computer to access or login to the database and gives a convenience to work from his comfort zone. Since many layers of firewalls are deployed as a gateway to log in, there is no fear of foreign invasion. Network access permits software developers to develop tools for desktop and web applications to communicate with databases.
The speed of the Relational database model is not a rapid data structure. Even though it has many advantages, it has a slower speed and requires optimization at the design of databases to increase the performance enabling the model to do rapid selection and management of data sets. Increasing the speed of the processor and degrading the memory and storage cost permits system admin to develop a fast system that outperforms any performance shortcomings in the database. The relational database model runs on a generic language called SQL that comprises simple syntax and Standard English phrases and keywords which is easy to learn.
The feature management that offers database admin tools for easy access, repair, backup, and tests the database is kept as a kit in the system. Most of the functions are in-built for automatic execution and instantly available to access the database.
This is a guide to the Relational Database Model. Here we discuss the concept of the Relational Database Model and Why should we use this Model? You can also go through our other related articles to learn more–