Introduction to MySQL SHOW Triggers
MySQL SHOW Triggers is a MySQL statement that performs to display all the triggers present in the server tables. When we create different Triggers which are stored programs to be invoked during an event execution or when specific queries run in the server. Thus, to keep log records of SQL commands that are performed for the linked tables for which the triggers are created. To create, drop or show triggers statement we need to require the MySQL Triggers super privileges so that the triggers can be executed with creation or dropping of respective log records in the tables associated with triggers. SHOW Triggers helps to view the existing triggers in the MySQL table with the command codes and type of triggers created for the related tables.
We have subsequent basic syntax structure for MySQL SHOW Triggers statement query:
SHOW TRIGGERS [(IN | FROM) DatabaseName] [LIKE ‘Specified_Pattern’ | WHERE Expr_Cond];
Here, in this above syntax, the last two MySQL clauses used define the database from which we want to show the triggers associated. If these are not mentioned then the query with SHOW Triggers will return every trigger available in each database present in the server currently.
If we want to view all the triggers in a distinct database then we require providing the name of the MySQL database in after either the FROM or IN keyword:
SHOW TRIGGERS FROM DatabaseName;
SHOW TRIGGERS IN DatabaseName;
Suppose, we search for a trigger having a certain pattern that will match the one specified in the SHOW TRIGGER query, then we will implement the MySQL LIKE clause as follows:
SHOW TRIGGERS LIKE ‘Specified_Pattern’;
Even we can use the following query statement with SHOW TRIGGERS command in the server:
SHOW TRIGGERS FROM DatabaseName LIKE ‘Specified_Pattern’;
Here, the significance of the LIKE clause used is identical as used in the MySQL SELECT statement. Again, to list out the triggers using a particular expressional condition to search specific ones, we will use the MySQL WHERE clause. For this we will have the following query statement:
SHOW TRIGGERS WHERE Expr_Cond;
Also, we will use this one:
SHOW TRIGGERS FROM DatabaseName WHERE Expr_Cond;
How Does SHOW Triggers Statement Work in MySQL?
The MySQL Trigger working is related to creating or dropping any trigger element in a database. When we execute the SHOW TRIGGERS in MySQL, we will view the lists of available triggers that are defined for the database tables. If the database is not mentioned then, the default database will be used unless we have included the database using the FROM clause.
We can also use the LIKE clause in association with SHOW TRIGGERS to indicate the names of tables that matches and thus causes the server to output the triggers related to those tables. For adding any conditional statements we can use an option i.e. WHERE clause with SHOW TRIGGERS to implement the query and output trigger rows.
In MySQL, the result set containing the succeeding columns will be returned as output after the SHOW TRIGGERS statement:
- Trigger: Provides the name of the trigger.
- Event: The event used to invoke the specified trigger. It can be INSERT, DELETE, or UPDATE queries execution.
- Table: It denotes the database table that is attached with the trigger created.
- Statement: It defines the trigger body with code.
- Timing: It mentions the time for activation of the trigger. It can just AFTER or BEFORE an event.
- created: It gives the created timing of the trigger.
- Sql_mode: Displays the SQL_MODE when the trigger is invoked.
- Definer: It defines the account of the user that has implemented the trigger.
- Character_set_client: It determines the character set through which the statements are provided by the client. It sets the session value when the trigger was created of the character_set_client system type of variable.
- Collation_connection: This is important for the evaluations of literal strings but columns have their own provided collation with higher precedence.
- Database Collation: Defines groups of rules to compare and order the character strings in MySQL. It denotes the collation of the database in the server with which the trigger is related.
It is to be noted that that for the execution of SHOW TRIGGER query we need to have the SUPER privilege in MySQL.
Examples to Implement MySQL SHOW Triggers
Let us explain the MySQL SHOW TRIGGERS with the help of the following examples to understand better:
Suppose, we have a database named ‘empdb’ which consists of some triggers used in the existing tables. Let us create a trigger for the table Emp_data in the empdb database having fields Emp_ID, Emp_Name & Emp_Salary with some records inserted as follows:
1. Creating table Emp_data.
CREATE TABLE Emp_data (
Emp_ID INT NOT NULL,
Emp_Name VARCHAR(30) NOT NULL,
Emp_Salary VARCHAR(30) NOT NULL,
PRIMARY KEY (Emp_ID)
2. Inserting values into table Emp_data.
INSERT INTO Emp_data (Emp_ID, Emp_Name, Emp_Salary)
3. Selecting table Emp_data.
SELECT * FROM Emp_data;
4. We will also create another table to save the logs when triggers are called for query events.
CREATE TABLE Emp_logs ( User_ID VARCHAR(255), Info_Update VARCHAR(255));
Again, let us create a trigger first to show the trigger procedure using the following query:
CREATE TRIGGER emp_updates
AFTER UPDATE ON Emp_data FOR EACH ROW
INSERT into Emp_logs(User_ID,Info_Update) VALUES (user(), CONCAT('Updated Emp_Salary Info (',OLD.Emp_ID,' ',OLD.Emp_Name,' ',OLD.Emp_Salary,') to (',NEW.Emp_ID,' ',NEW.Emp_Name,' ',NEW.Emp_Salary,')'));
After the emp_updates trigger is produced, then it will be often triggered whenever an update event is queried for every row in the emp_data table.
To note in detail, when you update any value in the Emp_Salary column then, a new row will be inserted to the emp_logs table to list the changes finished.
UPDATE Emp_data SET Emp_Salary = Emp_Salary + 1000 WHERE Emp_Salary<5000;
select * from Emp_data;
5. Yet again, outlook to your Emp_logs table and check the transformation effect of AFTER UPDATE trigger using the following query.
SELECT * FROM Emp_logs;
Finally, it’s time to view all the triggers on empdb database including the one just created above on the table named Emp_data:
OR, using database and table in WHERE clause:
SHOW TRIGGERS FROM Empdb WHERE `Table` = 'Emp_data'
We have learned about the MySQL SHOW Trigger command which is responsible to display the trigger events present in a particular database. Along with it, we can view the event timings and find out to work for those if needed or search for any specific table linked to a trigger for any information gathering.
This is a guide to MySQL SHOW Triggers Here we discuss the Introduction of MySQL SHOW Triggers and the practical examples and different subquery expressions. You can also go through our suggested articles to learn more –