Introduction on CSS Table Styling
Why we use CSS, although we can use HTML tables, is because, in the HTML table, a table-based page layout often renders more slowly than an equivalent CSS-based layout; this is especially true of pages that have a lot of content. Tables should not be used as layout aids. And if we build HTML tables without any styles or attributes in browser it will be displayed without any border. Styling a table with CSS can improve its appearance.
CSS tables are pretty simple to understand and use. It’s just a matter of remembering the corresponding CSS display property values for the basic HTML table elements. With the help of CSS, we are capable of making some stylish tables.
What is the CSS Table Styling?
A CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) table describes how to lay out a set of elements in rows and columns. The default CSS applied to an HTML table is a CSS table.
- CSS has designed and redesign flexibility.
- It means a CSS-based layout ensures that you place all your styles (i.e., from small changes to the major rules) in one location.
- By changing the layout rules you set in that style sheet, and you affect every page that refers to it.
- CSS based page layout will usually appear faster on the screen and even the download will be faster than the table-based layout.
CSS Table Style Properties
Below are the different properties of the CSS table styles:
1. Border collapse
It is used to indicate whether the borders around the cells of a table should be separated or collapsed.
- Border collapse: separate: It is used so that the adjacent cells have their own and independent borders that are not shared.
The default value which is set to the border-collapse property is separate. When they’re separated, browsers put a space of a couple of pixels between each cell by using the border-spacing property.
- Border collapse: collapse: whenever we set the border-collapse property to collapse it removes the space between the cells.
Even if you eliminate this space by setting the cellspacing attribute for the HTML tag to 0, browsers still display double borders. That is, the bottom border of one cell will appear above the top border of the cell below, causing a doubling of borderlines. Setting the border-collapse property to collapse eliminates both the space between cells and this doubling up of borderlines.
- Border collapse: initial: It is used to set the border-collapse property to its default value.
- Border collapse: inherit: It is used when border-collapse property inherits from its parent elements. This property works only when applied to a <table> tag.
Values: collapse, separate, initial, inherit;
It sets the space adjacent borders and the content surrounding the table. It is similar to the tag’s cellspacing<table> attribute, except it has an optional second value. This property works only when applied to a <table> tag.
The border-spacing usually takes one or two length values. In this only one <length> value is specified then it defines for both the horizontal and vertical spacing between cells.
In this, if two <length> values are specified then the first value defines the horizontal spacing between cells (the space on either side of each cell)and the second value defines the vertical spacing between cells. (the space separating the bottom of one cell from the top of the one below it).
The caption-side property specifies the placement of a table caption. When applied to a table caption, this property determines whether the caption appears at the top or bottom of the table. A caption would normally appear at the top of the table.
This property can have one of the four values:
- Caption-side: top: It is the default value. In this, it puts the caption above the table.
- Caption-side: bottom: puts the caption below the table.
- Caption-side: initial: It is used to set the property to its default value.
- Caption-side: inherit: Inherits this property from its parent element.
Values: top, bottom, initial, inherit;
It tells the browser whether it should display a table cell that’s completely empty. It controls the rendering of the borders and background of the cells that have no visible content in a table that’s using the separated borders model.
This property can have one of the four values:
- Empty-cell:show: This property is used to display the borders on the empty cell.
- Empty-cell: hide: This property is used to hide the borders in the empty-cell.
- Empty-cell:initial: It is used to set the property to its default value.
- Empty-cell:inherit: Inherits this property from its parent element.
Values : show,hide,initial,inherit;
Controls how a web browser draws a table and can slightly affect the speed at which the browser displays it. This property can have one of the four values.
The default property is auto.
1. Table-layout:auto: The auto makes the width of the elements adjust automatically to fit the content.
2. Table – layout: fixed: The fixed setting forces the browser to render all columns the same width as the columns in the first row. If the content goes wider than the first row then the content will be wrapped, cut-off, or get extended outside of the cells.
3. Table-layout:initial: It is used to set the property to its default value.
4. Table-layout:inherit: Inherits this property from its parent element.
With the help of CSS, we can make stylish tables and we can improve the appearance of the table.
This is a guide to CSS Table Styling. Here we discuss properties with codes, outputs, and syntax of CSS table Styling. You can also go through our given articles to learn more –