Principles & Practices of Insurance Training
The mechanism of Insurance
The process by which the unfortunate few, who suffer losses, share the burden with many who are exposed to risk of similar losses
Primary burden of direct losses like damage due to fire
Indirect losses like loss of production following such damage
Secondary burden like physical and mental strain caused by anxiety of probable losses
Cost of maintaining reserves to mitigate such losses, if they occur
Pool of funds
What is premium
What is claim.
Why Principles & Practices of Insurance?
The purpose of insurance
Making good the financial losses suffered by the insured due to loss or damage to assets, having some economic value, owned by him
Provides financial protection in the event of such losses
Is Insurance a contract? If so what laws are applicable?
Offer happens when a person interested in taking insurance makes an offer to the insurance company by providing details in forms prescribed for this purpose – proposer
Proposal form. Acceptance occurs when, after going through the contents in the proposal form and analyzing the same, the insurance company accepts the proposal and provides the proposer with the terms of insurance like what are all covered (known as scope of cover), what are not covered (called exclusions) ,amount of premium payable, other conditions of insurance, etc. Consideration is the premium paid
when proposer becomes insured
Agreement between parties (consensus ad idem) is achieved through contents of proposal form and policy wordings
Void and voidable insurance contracts
Legal competencies of parties
How is Insurance contract different from other contracts?
Principle of ‘buyer beware’ known as caveat emptor vs principle of utmost good faith, called uberrima fide.
Fundamentals and basic principles of Insurance-
Insurable interest – legal right to insure – ownership and joint ownership – how insurable interest of mortgager & mortgagee differ from each other – differentiator from wagering /gambling.
Utmost good faith – proposer alone knows the good, bad and ugly features of the property he is insuring – The insurance company does not see the property, it only accepts or rejects the proposal based on the information elicited in the proposal form – Insurance companies are custodians of public fund – fiduciary to all insured – judgment based on probability of loss and extent of loss – proposer’s duty to disclose material facts and what he ought to know
Indemnity – no insured should make a profit out of insurance – The insured has to be placed after damage /loss in the same financial positional he /she was prior to the loss – correct Sum insured –over insurance & underinsurance – impact of depreciation on claims – salvage – modifications to principle – exceptions to strict indemnity
Subrogation – corollary to principle of indemnity – transfer of the rights and remedies of the insured to the insurer – right to recover from a third party who caused the loss – insurer stepping into the shoes of the insured and getting the rights and remedies of the insured transferred to themselves – also to ensure the insured does not make a profit out of his insurance by getting money both from the insurance company and the third party who was responsible for the financial loss – letter of subrogation – power of authority – other essential legal documents
Contribution – another mechanism to ensure the insured cannot make a profit out of his insurance transactions by insuring same property with more than one insurance company and recovering from all of them – right of the insurer who has paid the loss under a policy to recover a proportionate amount from other insurers who are liable for the loss – insurances to which condition of contribution does not apply
Proximate cause – effective and powerful cause – insured perils – named perils policies & all risks policies – exclusions – relating to perils, property and losses – need to determine the cause of loss to decide whether the loss is payable or not – proximate cause vs remote cause
Who can take insurance? – Insurable interest – how it operates in different insurance policies
Pricing and rating of Insurance.(What goes into the pricing?) – rate is the price of a given unit of insurance – basics of ratemaking – how to determine sum insured – assessment and evaluation of hazard – classification of risks – coverage and other terms and conditions – pure premium – loadings to arrive at final premium – loss experience – excess/deductible – discounts
When does insurance pay up? – claim settlement functions – claims procedures – investigation/survey/assessment – claim documentation – preliminary/interim/final survey reports
– catastrophic losses – On Account payments – post settlement activities – arbitration
How much? – Assessment – average clause – depreciation – excess/deductible – recoveries – standard & substandard claims – ex gratia payments
If Insurance does not pay up, is there a redressal procedure? – Integrated Grievance Management System – The Consumer Protection Act, 1986 – Consumer Disputes Redressal Agencies with powers of civil court – District Forum/State Commission/National Commission – insurance ombudsman
Since insurance is a contract, do we have recourse to the courts?
Do we have a regulator? – need and importance of insurance regulations – insurance regulatory framework in India – The Insurance Act, 1938 – The Insurance Regulatory & Development Authority Act, 1999 – various stakeholders in insurance domain and regulations applicable to each of them
Indian insurance industry vis-a vis global market – Unique features of Indian insurance industry – comparison of various aspects of Indian insurance industry with insurance industries in other countries
Reinsurance – Insurance of insurers
What are the requirements?
Passion to learn
A PC with internet
What am I going to get from this course?
Over 7 lectures and 46 mins of content!
To empower oneself for career opportunity and growth in the insurance domain and allied spheres through sound knowledge of the principles and practices of insurance
Learn What is insurance, The mechanism of Insurance
Learn What is premium, What is claim, and Why insurance
Learn If Insurance a contract and If so what laws are applicable
Learn Fundamentals and basic principles of Insurance Insurable interest – legal right to insure – ownership and joint ownership – how insurable interest of mortgager & mortgagee differ from each other – differentiator from wagering /gambling
What is the target audience?
Students, especially those in Commerce discipline or Management discipline specializing in insurance
Professionals associated with insurance industry and professionals aspiring an insurance career.
|Where do our learners come from?|
|Professionals from around the world have benefited from eduCBA’s Insurance Principles & Practices courses. Some of the top places that our learners come from include New York, Dubai, San Francisco, Bay Area, New Jersey, Houston, Seattle, Toronto, London, Berlin, UAE, Chicago, UK, Hong Kong, Singapore, Australia, New Zealand, India, Bangalore, New Delhi, Mumbai, Pune, Kolkata, Hyderabad and Gurgaon among many.|