Definition of Audit Report Format
The audit report is a document issued by the independent auditors in which they express their views and opinion regarding the state of financial affairs of the company and it provides conformity concerning the fact that whether the financial statements comply with GAAP (generally accepted accounting principles) or not. The audit report is published along with the company’s annual report. The Audit report is prepared according to the standard format as advised by the GAAP.
The Audit report is an important piece of document which comments on the final result of the state of financial affairs of the business or the company. The report is used tothe board of directors, investors, shareholders, and other stakeholders of the company.The auditor should be very careful while drafting the audit report and should follow standard format year on year provided there are no changes as per prescribed regulations.
The report holds so much importance in the business world because many people trust this very report for getting a clear and honest view of the company’s state of financial affairs. The audit report is filed to the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) along with the company’s audited financial statements. An audit report may not provide analysis to whether the company is good for investment or not or may not provide the analysis of the company’s performance for the period but it surely increases the reliability of the financial statements of the company.
Examples of Audit Report Format
The basic audit report format is as follows:
- Title: The title of the Audit report should confirm that it is ‘Independent Auditor’s report’.
- Addressee: The addressee heading should confirm the addressee name/ title to which the report needs to be delivered or sent to such as the investors of the company.
- Introductory paragraph: This heading provides information about the company, the financial statements covered under audit, the period under review, and similar basic information about the financial statements being audited by the auditors.
- Management’s Responsibility: This heading states that the integrity of the financial statements lies with the management of the company i.e. it is management’s responsibility to maintain accounting records to prevent frauds and errors and build sufficient financial controls to ensure the accuracy of the data.
- Auditor’s Responsibility: This section states that the responsibility of the auditor is to express an unbiased opinion over the state of financial affairs or statements and issue an audit report.
- Opinion: This confirms the overall result of auditing the financial statements i.e. whether the opinion is qualified, unqualified, adverse, or disclaimer. The type of opinion depends upon the audit findings of the auditor and its impact on the overall financial statements.
- Basis of the Opinion: This heading states the basis on which the audit opinion has been achieved or issued. Here, all the facts relating to the audit procedure should be mentioned. If the auditor provides an unqualified opinion, the auditor would mention the logical reasoning for the same.
- Other Reporting Responsibility: When the regulations applicable to an entity requires so, the auditor might be required to report on other matters as well on which the opinion is not expressed in the above section. Any other such responsibility relating to regulatory requirements should be mentioned in this section.
- Signature of the Auditor: The auditor should sign the audit report in this space.
- Place of the Signature: The name of the city where the audit report is signed.
- Date of the Audit Report: The date on which the audit report is signed should be mentioned.
Importance of Audit Report Format
The importance of the audit report format can be understood from the following points.
- The standardized audit report format approach helps in easy readability of the audit report by the stakeholders, board of directors, and investors.
- It surely helps in increasing the consistency and reliability of the Audit report.
- The audit report in a standardized format confirms the integrity and honesty of the management in the preparation and maintenance of the financial records.
- The audit report in a standardized format helps the user or stakeholders in knowing the truth and fairness of the financial statements, as it is issued by the independent auditor.
The audit report is a very important document that is issued by the independent auditor. It is a type of letter which is issued by the independent auditors who have performed the audit in the standardized format as advised by GAAP (generally accepted accounting principles). The report should always follow the format advised by the regulatory body as it is used by stakeholders, management, investors, banks, and other parties for referring the unbiased view and opinion of the independent auditor over the state of the financial health of the company.
This is a guide to Audit Report Format. Here we also discuss the definition and importance of the audit report along with examples. You may also have a look at the following articles to learn more –