Updated March 16, 2023
Difference between Active Directory vs Azure Active Directory
The following article provides an outline for Active Directory vs Azure Active Directory. Basically, Azure active directory provides the features to handle the workload on the cloud or we can say that to manage the run-time workload. During the execution of this application, the entire process is managed by the azure active directory which means it cannot provide other access to the user. On the other hand, the active directory does not support mobile devices directly; it requires third-party solutions for execution.
In the event that you have a conventional on-premise setup with Active Directory and furthermore need to utilize Azure Active Directory to oversee admittance to cloud applications otherwise we can use both. On the off chance that we are utilizing Office 365, your clients will have a username and secret word for that (handled by Azure Active Directory). We can use Azure AD Point of interaction to do this; it is a little free piece of Microsoft programming that you acquire on a server with play out the synchronization.
On the off chance that you are another business or one that is hoping to change away from having any conventional on-premises framework and utilizing simply cloud-based applications, then you can work absolutely utilizing Azure active directory. For this situation, in spite of the fact that you will have every one of your applications in the cloud, you will obviously still have actual gadgets – laptops and advanced mobile phones – that your group will use to access and work with these cloud applications.
What is an Active Directory?
AD is nothing but the active directory, if we want to understand what an active directory is then first we must need to know the basic ideas about the domain controller.
Normally domain controller is nothing but the one type of server which is used to handle as well as manage the access of users, computers, and servers over the networks. Basically, an active directory is nothing but a database that is used to manage the organization’s user data as well as also provide authentication and authorization to the specified applications, files, printers, and many other devices.
What is Azure Active Directory?
Azure Active Directory is nothing but a cloud-based access service provider. With the help of these different types of services, organizations can easily handle the bulk employee on the basis of their access control and identity as well as being capable of handling external resources. With the help of Azure AD, we manage the intranet network with cloud-based software. Basically, it provides single sign-on, multi authentication as well as conditional access to the directory. In other words, we say that it helps us to provide secure access to the resources without any changes which means it accepts the risk-based policies.
Head to Head Comparison between Active Directory vs Azure Active Directory (Infographics)
Below are the top 6 comparisons between Active Directory vs Azure Active Directory:
Key Differences Between Active Directory vs Azure Active Directory
Basically, the active directory works on the domain controllers. After getting the machine we need to install the windows server operating system on the machine after that we need to do the configuration as per our requirements. At the same time domain controllers run the different services of active directory services. Regularly, associations have different DCs that cooperate. Specifically, any change made to the registry on one space regulator, for example, a client refreshing their secret key or a client account being locked out for too many fizzled login endeavors is repeated to the next space regulators so they all keep awake to date. Lately, a few associations have moved their Active Registry to the cloud; in any case, they stay liable for where the foundation is.
- Structure: Active directory uses the domain which stores the single database. Small organizations might have a single domain and larger organizations have multiple domains. On the other hand, Azure AD does not require this all because it is a cloud-based service provider, and it provides dedicated services to the specified organization as per their requirement. For that, we need to take a subscription to Microsoft.
- Authentication: Normally both active and azure active directory uses the authentication, but the difference is that they used different protocols for implementation. The active directory uses the NTLM protocol, and the Azure active directory uses the OAuth and SAML.
- Authorization: Same as authentication both using authorization, an active directory has different controls such as security of membership, different permission, and group policy. But Azure AD uses a quite different technique to handle the authorization with help of some different components such as security of groups, Microsoft groups, and azure roles.
Comparison Table of Active Directory vs Azure Active Directory
Given below is the comparison table of the active directory vs azure active directory:
Azure Active Directory
|It creates and uses the internal manual to integrate with the system.
|In azure AD it uses the existing active directory to integrate with the system.
|In the active directory organization creates a user manual for external identities.
|Here Azure provides the class to the external identities which helps them to manage the external identities.
|For admin management, it uses the combination of domains, different groups, and units.
|But Azure provides the default role-based access control.
|AD uses different components to manage the infrastructure such as DNS, DHCP, NPS, etc.
|Azure is cloud-based; it provides authentication-based access.
|It does not support mobile devices.
|It supports mobile devices.
|It uses the windows server strong management.
|It uses the windows server but the mode is virtual to manage domain service.
From the above article, we have taken in the essential idea of the active directory vs azure active directory, and we also saw the representation of the active directory vs azure active directory. From this article, we saw how and when we use the active directory vs the azure active directory.
This is a guide to Active Directory vs Azure Active Directory. Here we have discussed head to head comparisons, key differences, infographics, and a comparison table. You may also look at the following article to learn more –