Updated April 11, 2023
Introduction to VGA vs SVGA
VGA is abbreviated as video graphics array that is defined as a display standard for displaying the signals using analog signals to display on the resolution screen of 640 x 480 with 16 colors one at a time which has VGA monitor with 256 colors at a time from 262,144 colors given also this contains a digital to analog converter of 6-bit for converting red, blue and green signals. SVGA is abbreviated as a super video graphics array as a display standard for displaying the signals that support a resolution of 800 x 600 and is also known as ultra VGA which means an extension of VGA. Both VGA and SVGA are related to the concept of resolution that a monitor supports.
Head to Head Comparison between VGA vs SVGA (Infographics)
Below are the top 10 differences between VGA vs SVGA:
Comparison Table of VGA vs SVGA
|Video graphics array is standard for channeling video or image information with proper visual output of the images which uses analog signals to display on the resolution screen with 640 x 480 pixel images or videos which is developed by IBM.||Super video graphics array is also a display standard which is the extension of VGA for channeling video or image data with a proper visual output which has a higher resolution than VGA with 800 x 600 or 1024 x 480 pixel images or videos which is developed by NEC home electronics.|
|VGA as it provides smaller resolution videos and images has a memory of up to 256k. Where supplementary memory is not included.||SVGA as it provides bigger resolution videos and images has a memory of up to 1024k. Where supplementary memory is included.|
|This mainly has a resolution of a maximum of 640 x 480 pixels.||This mainly has the resolution of a maximum of 800 x 600 or 1024 x 480 pixels.|
|It takes the screen color of 256 colors from 262, 144 colors collection that uses 6-bit digital to analog converter for converting analog red, green, and blue signals which carry separate information for each red, blue and green color.||It takes the screen color of either 256 colors or 16 million colors which is depending on the video or image memory that is installed in the computer.|
|Memory utilization in VGA is less when compared to SVGA.||Memory utilization in SVGA is more when compared to VGA.|
|Sometimes basic VGA cables consist of 15 wires which can support the lower resolution or even lesser than the provided in VGA, where cables have foil shield.||In SVGA, a cable consists of 3 coaxial cables and 9 wires which have high resolution support up to 2048×1586 pixels, and here the cables have braided shield and ferrite cores.|
|VGA cables are less expensive as the VGA cables are foil shields and hence they are not better for performing signal intact where in this it may start to deteriorate.||An SVGA cable is more expensive than VGA cables as cables are thicker than VGA with better shielding and also is provided with gold plated to increase the conduction between male and female ports hence the cables are costlier than VGA cables for achieving better signal intact.|
|These are not recommended for long-distance VGA cables as the devices connected through these VGA cables which are far having distance of more than 10 feet can degrade in terms of signal transmission.||SVGA is best suited for long distances though it is expensive. If we want to go economically then we can also use VGA cables with a repeater, or signal enhancers, which help to reach longer distances according to the needs.|
|This VGA cable has 14 pin configurations with 1st and 3rd row with 5 pins and 2nd row with 4 pins. But these cables have 3 rows with 15 holes.||SVGA cables also have 3 rows with 15 holes with the same 14 pin configuration as VGA cables.|
|VGA cables can be connected to devices such as computers, Laptops, TV, monitors, and many other video-related devices.||SVGA cables can be connected to devices like different computers, monitors, TV, etc. But now a day’s more advanced technologies are used such as DVI and HDMI.|
Key Differences of VGA vs SVGA
Let us discuss the key differences of VGA vs SVGA.
Resolution and their names
In VGA it stands for video graphics array which can support a resolution of 640 x 480 pixels for monitors or computer screens, etc. Whereas SVGA stands for super video graphics array as the name it specifies the enhanced version of VGA which supports a resolution of 800 x 600 or 1024 x 480 pixels in computers, TV, monitors, etc.
In VGA it supports 256 colors at a time where using DIA (digital to analog) converter for converting 6-bit color for each color will have 262, 144 colors which consist the combination of red, blue, and green. Whereas SVGA can support either 16 or 256 colors at a time which produce 16 million colors that SVGA can support which means it supports 8-bit color can choose from 256 color combination.
VGA cables are thinner with foil shielded and these cables have 15 pin configuration out of which only 14 pins are used and these cables support shorter distance for signal transmission and if want to extend then can use a repeater or signal enhancer attached to VGA cables and hence support the lesser resolution. Whereas SVGA cables are thicker with braided shield along with the same pin configuration as VGA but it supports a longer distance that is more than 10 feet as it has a higher resolution rate.
In VGA as the signals support lower resolution therefore it may consume lesser memory than SVGA up to a maximum of 256k. Whereas SVGA cables support higher resolution it consumes more memory than VGA up to a maximum of 256k to 1024k.
VGA is less expensive when compared to SVGA as they support shorter distances with smaller resolution. SVGA cables are expensive as they support longer distance as they require more wires. It all depends on the requirement as both cables are the same.
In this article, we conclude that the VGA and SVGA are the display standard cables with different resolutions and different features but both use analog signals, and both support for same computer ports. When selecting cables it all depends on the resolution of video or image that needs to be displayed and accordingly use the VGA or SVGA cables.
This is a guide to the top difference between VGA vs SVGA. Here we discuss the key differences with infographics and comparison table. You may also have a look at the following articles to learn more –