Introduction to IoT in Transportation
In this article, we will learn about IoT in Transportation. Society has adopted and widely applied the idea of smart transportation. At the same time, smart transportation problems are emerging, and the Internet of Things is providing a new direction for its development. IoT-based transport systems have realized the dream of a smart city administration system using powerful and advanced communication technologies. In this article, we will focus on the IoT system for smart transportation and technologies that play a key role in the smart transport management system. We will further look at the significance of IoT in the transportation sector and highlight multiple applications where IoT architecture can be deployed.
Role of IoT in Transportation
The transport sector plays a crucial role in the development process. Transportation needs depend on many factors such as goods availability, movement of travelers, logistics, etc. Transportation, therefore, becomes an important and integral part of connecting consumers to the supply chain team by logistics.
IoT integration helps in creating a centrally controlled network which can optimize the distance covered by the vehicle, find better and safe routes in case of a critical situation, efficiently manage and maintain the goods, material and purchase orders and overall gives a positive impact on the revenue generated by the transportation sector.
Public Transportation is one of the sectors that is quickly implementing IoT technologies that can benefit most from operational efficiency improvements, cost-effectiveness, safety, and security. There are also limited challenges in the automotive industry and some excellent technologies to benefit the transport market. When cities integrate wireless technology into traffic management and emergency response, the effect of IoT on transportation efficiency is projected to be immense.
The Intelligent Transportation system will benefit four major segments:
- Travelers Segment: People who will be benefited from the services provided by the Intelligent Transportation system.
- Automobile Segment: IoT will have a huge impact on the vehicles and will change the way how one interacts with the vehicle.
- Infrastructure Segment: Traffic management utilities such as traffic lights, cameras embedded with IoT will result in the smart management system.
- Core Centers: The data generated from the automobiles and infrastructure will be analyzed and communicated between different segments.
Applications of IoT in Transportation
In the transportation and logistics business, the internet of things has numerous opportunities. Vehicles can be tracked for their speed, position, whether they are running or stopped, or at any danger, etc., using IoT. In most situations, trucks are used for the purpose of transportation or to carry heavy loads. Measuring the truck’s interior conditions such as humidity, temperature, and the light condition is very critical during these periods. Using an IoT transport company can configure the payment service at the tolls or any parking tickets. IoT also allows vehicle guidance and navigation control systems (road, air, water transport) monitoring and controlling transport is highly possible with the use of IoT. Let’s look at the different applications of IoT in transportation.
1. Transport Management System
Public Transport provides many advantages to city-wide travellers. But it was always a challenge to track the vehicle’s real-time location and to know when the vehicle will arrive at a stop. Such problems were eradicated by Industrial IoT in Transportation and provided the Public Transporters real-time tracking solution.
For further study and analysis, the data collected from different sensors is sent to a central network. The Internet of Things has gone away from all the challenges faced by the Public Transit network and has made it possible to re-route services by helping people make alternative arrangements.
2. Transportation Monitoring System
If the transportation company gets the vehicle’s real-time facts and figures, they can make the most of the business benefits. IoT has steadily and slowly transformed the transport sector and the management of the fleet. The introduced technology improved the cost of maintenance, operating and fuel expenditure, and immediate response to incidents in real-time.
Implementing smart decisions has now become a must with real-time tracking. The Automated Fleet management system links vehicles and tracks the driver’s actions and behaviour. This helps to know exactly where vehicles and drivers are and to identify any issue and take necessary precautions.
3. Asset Management and Remote Area Surveillance
The biggest challenge with assets that are being used in IoT is monitoring them remotely. Businesses go through a lot of difficulties to find the right assets and figuring how they can be used efficiently. IoT systems gather applicable information from the assets and carry out an insightful analysis of it.
Biz4Intellia, an end-to-end IoT software provider, helps you to monitor your fleet’s real-time information such as loading weight on the truck, etc. In addition, the “Biz4Intellia IoT solution” can also be used to learn the latitude and longitude of the asset. The advanced analytics feature gives more information regarding geofencing, Propensity reading, and much more.
4. Inventory Management System
Smart Inventory Management serves as a stimulant for real-time information across the supply, processing and storage hub, thus decreasing inventory management costs. Such supply chains will combine large amounts of data to gain ways to create an integrated framework for inventory management.
Smart inventory management is based on supporting analytics. It has been known from recent studies that the potential contributions of IoT to Logistics, Inventory Management, and Supply Chain Management could range from $570B to $800B per year by 2025. The warehousing operations are accelerated by real-time inventory tracking with the help of IoT. Further, the sensors are used to gather accurate Inventory conditions.
5. Information and Entertainment in Automobiles
Wi-Fi-based applications have allowed vehicles to have entertainment and telematics functionality. By using automotive telematics, a car owner can have an eye on his vehicle even from a remote location. By means of a smartphone-enabled dashboard, car owners can always be assured of their safety. External sensors and cameras track the condition of the vehicles and send the data to the user on a mobile app.
If a car is about to be hijacked the owner receives an alert on the phone and GPS device enables the car to be tracked and traced from a remote location. Accessibility to the voice-command-based application permits a person to play their favourite music, watch a video, or listen to calls with just voice commands.
The Internet of Things is revolutionizing the global automotive industry. Many IoT based applications are being made available for the automotive industry. With the advancement in IoT, we will be able to witness a revolution in the transportation industry and the way we look and interact with vehicles daily will radically improve.
This is a guide to IoT in Transportation. Here we discuss the role with four major benefits of system segments and the top 5 applications of IoT in transportation respectively. You can also go through our other related articles to learn more –