Definition of GIS Uses
GIS stands for geographic information systems. In GIS there are three terms information is data, the system is anything which is working and important terminology is geographic. Geographic is not about geographical aspects .here geographic means assigning coordinates to object on earth’s surface. Gis comes with two more technologies one is remote sensing and another one is GPS(Global Positioning System). All these technologies are generic, special, and digital. It can integrate with other technologies very easily. GIS used in various fields like google map, google earth, earth quick monitoring, surveillance, health care, etc.
Uses of GIS in Various Fields
Let us discuss the uses of GIS.
1. Google Map
Google map is one of the most widely used application in the world which works on gis principles. Google map is used to navigate from one place to another. In this application, we can check all geographical as well as physical objects such as where is an actual location, what is the distance between sources to a destination, how much time is required to reach a destination, how many lanes are there on a particular road, what are the actual things present on location. All these things are done on basis of satellite images but in satellite images again one problem occurs which is accuracy and details. To overcome this problem google launched the street view API car, These cars collect all important information and minute details like a signboard, no parking, one-way route, location names, road names, subways, alternate routes, and many more.
2. Google Earth
It is also known as keyhole Earth Viewer. It is a three-dimensional representation of Earth. Basically, it works on satellite images. All information captures by satellite stores using gis and used. It allows seeing all places on the earth with all details. We can easily see our place or house on google earth from multiple angles by just moving an arrow over the object. We can search the place by giving an exact address or by providing coordinates. We can even add new data or information or places on google earth then google verifies our data and posts the same on the application. Till now google earth covered ninety-eight percent of the world that means people can explore ninety-eight percent area of the entire world and can check every minute detail of the particular location.
3. Disasters management
There are three types of disasters natural, technological, and Social. in natural disasters again there are various types of Geological like earthquakes and landslides. Meteorological like tornados, drought, and ice storms. Then oceanographic and hydrological. gis helps to reduce loss in every disaster by providing some information related to disasters’ so we can immediately take action. Let’s consider the flood example by using gis we can easily decide what is the affected area, where we have to focus, where we need to shift the people, how much is the exact extent of disaster so that we can take necessary precautions before the problem as well as necessary actions after a disaster.
4. Crime Statistics
Gis plays a vital role in crime in terms of analyzing and planning crime statistics. Nowadays most of the police forces are using this technology to store all crime detail in various ways like city-wise crime, type of crime. it gives a better idea to analyze the crime and police forces can easily reach a location with one click. It covers larger cities which are impossible manually.
In environmental science, gis plays a very critical role in research as we know In archeology every small detail is required with accuracy. gis gives all the necessary information. it helps to search for many historical places as well. many US universities plotted location in historical research so that other researchers or users can understand and learn about places and locations.
6. Telecom and Network Services
Gis is one of the important decision-making tools in the telecom sector. It allows wireless organizations to use data. And this geographic data can be used in network design, network modeling telecom services, etc. It also in engineering applications like design and maintenance. Telecom services collect information by gis about their services like how many users using their services, which region has less usability, which region has network issues, where they need to improve the service, along with own services it also helps to learn recent market trends to improve performance. By comparing completers company can do respective changes to stand in the market. In this way, it is helpful to telecom and networking.
Along with the above application gis used in various applications like Accident analysis, hotspot analysis, Town Planning, Urban Planning, Transport planning, Environment impact analysis, Agriculture Applications, Landside hazards, Determine land use, land cover changes, routing and scheduling in navigation, flood damage estimation, gis solutions in banking sectors, wet land mapping, gis in geology, assets in management and assets in maintenance, gis in the dairy industry, civil planning, Transport, Environmental Engineering, worldwide earthquake notifications, gis for ocean industry and fisheries, business planning, Utilities, Public infrastructure facilities, knowledge-based Defense System, land administration, land-use changes, surveying, banking, taxation, welfare management, locating underground objects, irrigation water management geologic mapping, environmental impact analysis, Accident analysis and many more
In this article, we have seen how gis (geographic information system) used in various applications. The growth of gis is unpredictable in the last ten years, Because of gis technology becomes more efficient and cheaper for the user, User can use many gis services free of cost, it is used in almost every sector.
This is a guide to GIS Uses. Here we discuss the definition, Uses of GIS in Various Fields respectively. You may also have a look at the following articles to learn more –